Leviticus Chapter 23  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Leviticus 23
 
Lev 23:1(top)
Lev 23:2(top)
Lev 23:3

“a Sabbath of complete rest.” The Hebrew is shabbath shabbathon, more literally, “a Sabbath of Sabbath observance.” For more information, see commentary on Leviticus 25:4.

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Lev 23:4(top)
Lev 23:5

“between the two evenings.” The Passover lamb was killed about 3 PM in the afternoon of the 14th of Nisan. In Jewish reckoning of days, there were two evenings. There was an early evening when the sun was noticeable as falling in the western sky. In modern terms we today would call that “afternoon,” not “evening.” The later evening was what we today would generally call evening, that is, in the late afternoon but still before sunset. The Passover lamb had to be killed before sunset to be killed on the 14th of Nisan because the new day, the 15th of Nisan and the Feast of Unleavened Bread started at sunset. So the Passover lamb was killed after the early evening and before the later evening, which traditionally became about 3 PM.

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Lev 23:6(top)
Lev 23:7(top)
Lev 23:8(top)
Lev 23:9(top)
Lev 23:10(top)
Lev 23:11(top)
Lev 23:12(top)
Lev 23:13(top)
Lev 23:14(top)
Lev 23:15(top)
Lev 23:16(top)
Lev 23:17(top)
Lev 23:18(top)
Lev 23:19(top)
Lev 23:20(top)
Lev 23:21(top)
Lev 23:22

“You are to leave them for the poor.” God has great concern for the poor and disadvantaged. He commands to leave food for the poor in several places (cp. Lev. 19:9-19; 23:22; Deut. 24:19).

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Lev 23:23(top)
Lev 23:24

“a memorial.” Some scholars say the shofar blasts and sabbath is so God will remember the people and look favorably upon them, while others say it is for the people to remember God. It is likely for both: the people remember God, and He looks favorably upon their obedience to Him.

“shofar.” The ram’s horn trumpet, not the metal trumpet.

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Lev 23:25(top)
Lev 23:26(top)
Lev 23:27

“you are to afflict your souls.” In the context of the Day of Atonement, which was the tenth day of the seventh month (Nisan calendar) the primary meaning of the phrase “afflict your souls” is to go without food, to fast (see commentary on Lev. 16:29).

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Lev 23:28(top)
Lev 23:29(top)
Lev 23:30(top)
Lev 23:31(top)
Lev 23:32

“a Sabbath of complete rest.” The Hebrew is shabbath shabbathon, more literally, “a Sabbath of Sabbath observance.” For more information, see commentary on Leviticus 25:4.

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Lev 23:33(top)
Lev 23:34(top)
Lev 23:35(top)
Lev 23:36(top)
Lev 23:37(top)
Lev 23:38(top)
Lev 23:39(top)
Lev 23:40

“the fruit of majestic trees.” In this case, the “fruit” (produce) of majestic trees are its branches and boughs.

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Lev 23:41(top)
Lev 23:42(top)
Lev 23:43(top)
Lev 23:44(top)
  

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