Haggai Chapter 2  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Haggai 2
Hag 2:1(top)
Hag 2:2(top)
Hag 2:3

“this house.” The temple was often called “the house of God” or simply the “house,” as it is here.

“in its former glory.” That is, before it was burned to the ground by Nebuchadnezzar, and all the temple vessels, such as the bronze sea, bronze pillars, etc., were carried off to Babylon (2 Kings 25:8-15). The Babylonian captivity was 70 years, so although there were some people in the audience who had seen the temple when they were small children, they would be very old at the time of Haggai.

Hag 2:4(top)
Hag 2:5(top)
Hag 2:6

“the heavens and…and…and…and the dry land.” The repetition of “and” before every point is the figure polyptoton. The “and” before each word emphasizes each point.

Hag 2:7

“The desired of all nations will come.” The desired of the nations is the Messiah. Haggai does not say or imply that the coming of the Messiah will be in two stages, a first coming in which he is killed and a second coming in which he conquers the earth and sets up his kingdom. Haggai focuses on the Tribulation, which is the major subject of the book of Revelation, and Christ’s second coming at which time he will conquer the earth and set up his kingdom, including filling the temple with glory. What Haggai did not mention was that the temple that was being rebuilt in his time would be destroyed, and when Jesus came back he would build another temple which would be filled with glory (Zech. 6:12-13; Ezek. 40-47).

[For more on Christ setting up a kingdom on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

Hag 2:8

“The silver is mine, and the gold is mine.” The people were poor and Zerubbabel’s temple was nothing spectacular, so the people could easily wonder how the future temple could be filled with glory. But God makes it clear that the silver and gold is His, and so the glory of the future temple will be greater than “former” temple, Solomon’s temple, as Haggai 2:9 says.

Hag 2:9

“The former.” The former “house” was Solomon’s temple.

“prosperity.” The standard rendering of the Hebrew word shalom is “peace,” but it means much more than that; it means peace, wellbeing, wholeness, prosperity. Especially in a context like this, “peace” is too limited. God is promising that in the future Jerusalem there will be shalom, prosperity, wellbeing. Of course this could only happen in a time of peace, so peace is certainly included. There are many prophecies of the prosperity and wellbeing in the future earthly kingdom of Christ. The NRSV and Roterham’s Emphasized Bible also say “prosperity.”

Hag 2:10(top)
Hag 2:11(top)
Hag 2:12(top)
Hag 2:13(top)
Hag 2:14(top)
Hag 2:15(top)
Hag 2:16(top)
Hag 2:17(top)
Hag 2:18(top)
Hag 2:19(top)
Hag 2:20(top)
Hag 2:21(top)
Hag 2:22(top)
Hag 2:23(top)

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