2 Chronicles Chapter 20  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: 2 Chronicles 20
2Ch 20:1

“the Meunites.” A minor desert tribe of uncertain origin.

2Ch 20:2

“from Edom.” The Hebrew text reads “Aram” (Syria), but this seems to be a corruption of the Hebrew because Syria is far north of the area. The Septuagint and Vulgate read “Edom.” Also, Jehosaphat named the enemies including “Mount Seir,” which is Edom, and he did not mention Syria (2 Chron. 20:10).

“En-gedi.” “En-gedi” means “the spring of the wild goats,” and it is located on the west side of the Dead Sea. It is a beautiful oasis, with plenty of water, and David hid out there from Saul (1 Sam. 23:29; 24:1). It is specifically mentioned as part of the global restoration of the earth in the Millennial Kingdom, when the Dead Sea is healed (Ezek. 47:10).

2Ch 20:3

“set his face to seek Yahweh.” This is an idiom. Jehoshaphat was afraid, but he was not paralyzed by his fear. He resolved (set his face) to seek Yahweh, and Yahweh acted on his behalf and the enemy was defeated.

2Ch 20:4(top)
2Ch 20:5

“before the new court.” This “new court” is not mentioned elsewhere. It could have been “new” because it was rebuilt in some way, but it is more likely that it was some kind of expansion to Solomon’s Temple to allow for more worshipers.

2Ch 20:6(top)
2Ch 20:7(top)
2Ch 20:8(top)
2Ch 20:9(top)
2Ch 20:10(top)
2Ch 20:11(top)
2Ch 20:12

“Our God, will you not judge them?” Notice that Jehoshaphat does not ask for a victory in a military battle, he asks for vindication from Yahweh. This could well be why Yahweh fought this battle while the people of Judah sang his praise. However, his statement about not having military might is interesting because he did have a well-prepared army (2 Chron. 17:12-18), and small armies with God’s help had defeated large armies many times before.

2Ch 20:13(top)
2Ch 20:14

“came on Jahaziel the son of Zechariah.” Jahaziel, “the one who sees God,” was likely a Levitical musician, not a known prophet.

2Ch 20:15(top)
2Ch 20:16

“before the wilderness of Jeruel.” That is, east of the wilderness of Jeruel.

2Ch 20:17(top)
2Ch 20:18

“worshiping.” Or, “bowing down to.” The Hebrew word translated “worship,” shachah (#07812 שָׁחָה), is the same Hebrew word as “bow down.” [See commentary on 1 Chron. 29:20].

2Ch 20:19

“the Kohathites and of the children of the Korahites.” The Korahites were a sub-clan within the Kohathites, a large group of Levites. The fact that those Levites stood up to praise may indicate some kind of sectioning among the Levites; we know there were 24 courses of priests, and the same would be true of the Levites.

2Ch 20:20(top)
2Ch 20:21

“in holy attire.” See commentary on Psalms 29:2.

2Ch 20:22(top)
2Ch 20:23

“devoting them to destruction.” That is, totally destroying them. [For more on things “devoted” to Yahweh and devoted to destruction, see commentary on Josh. 6:17].

2Ch 20:24(top)
2Ch 20:25(top)
2Ch 20:26

“Beracah.” The word “beracah” means “blessing.”

2Ch 20:27(top)
2Ch 20:28(top)
2Ch 20:29(top)
2Ch 20:30(top)
2Ch 20:31(top)
2Ch 20:32(top)
2Ch 20:33

“the local shrines.” The Hebrew word “shrines” is bamot, which referred to a place that was leveled and built up and on which were placed various idols and objects of worship. Many of the towns had such shrines (see commentary on Num. 33:52).

2Ch 20:34(top)
2Ch 20:35

“who acted very wickedly.” Although the meaning of this phrase has been debated, the words are so strong about acting wickedly that they must refer to Ahaziah who did indeed act wickedly and not to Jehoshaphat who made some ill-advised and wrong decisions but who the Bible never accuses of acting wickedly. Actually, Jehoshaphat joining with Ahaziah was one of his poor decisions.

2Ch 20:36(top)
2Ch 20:37(top)

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