Zechariah Chapter 8  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Zechariah 8
Zec 8:1(top)
Zec 8:2

“I am jealous for her with great fury.” The idea is that God is extremely jealous about Judah and has great fury or wrath against the nations because of her.

Zec 8:3

“I will return.” The Hebrew text uses the prophetic perfect idiom and uses the past tense, “I have returned.” While the idiom makes the promise sure by stating a future event as if it had already happened, it can be confusing to the English reader, and for that reason the REV has “will return” (cp. HCSB) rather than “have returned” (cp. ESV). For more on the prophetic perfect idiom, see commentary on Ephesians 2:6.

Zec 8:4(top)
Zec 8:5(top)
Zec 8:6(top)
Zec 8:7(top)
Zec 8:8

“and I will bring them.” When Christ conquers the earth and sets up his Millennial Kingdom, the scattered Israelites will all be gathered to the land of Israel again (see commentary on Jer. 32:37).

“in righteousness.” In this context, “righteousness” is doing what is right to God and others (see commentary on Matt. 5:6). It can be confusing to read that God will be Israel’s God “in faithfulness and in righteousness” because it seems that God has always been faithful and acted in righteousness to His people, and in fact He has. But in this fallen world in which the Devil is the god of the age (2 Cor. 4:4) and people have made many freewill decisions that go against God and His justice, God has not been free to execute His righteous acts. That will not be the case in the future when the Devil and demons will not be present and Christ will rule with a rod of iron. That Jesus will conquer the earth and rule with a rod of iron is a well-established prophecy and occurs four times in Scripture (Ps. 2:9; Rev. 2:27; 12:5; 19:15).

[For more detail on Jesus ruling with a rod of iron, see commentary on Revelation 2:27. For more on Jesus Christ’s kingdom on earth, see Appendix 3, “Jesus Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

Zec 8:9(top)
Zec 8:10(top)
Zec 8:11(top)
Zec 8:12(top)
Zec 8:13(top)
Zec 8:14(top)
Zec 8:15(top)
Zec 8:16

“in your gates.” The elders and judges in a city usually sat in (or by) the gate of the city. So “render judgments of truth and peace in your gates” is an exhortation to the elders and judges of the cities to be rendering true and honest judgments. [For more on the elders and judges at the gate, see commentary on Ruth 4:11].

Zec 8:17(top)
Zec 8:18(top)
Zec 8:19(top)
Zec 8:20(top)
Zec 8:21(top)
Zec 8:22

“will come to seek Yahweh.” The Old Testament foretold that the Messiah would be a blessing both to the Jews and to the Gentiles, the “nations.” The first prophecy of the Messiah is the one God made to Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden in Genesis 3:15, and that was thousands of years before the Jews existed. About 2,000 years after that first prophecy of the Messiah, God promised Abraham that all the people of earth, not just the Jews, would be blessed through him (Gen. 12:3). Then God repeated that promise to Isaac (Gen. 26:4); and to Jacob (Gen. 28:14). Besides those promises, the Old Testament had a number of verses that spoke of Gentiles being included in the Messianic Kingdom, which meant they were granted everlasting life (Ps. 102:15; Isa. 2:2-4; 19:23-25; 42:6; 49:6; 51:4-5; 56:3-7; 60:3; 66:18-21; Ezek. 39:21, 27; Micah 4:2; Hag. 2:7; Zech. 8:22).

“entreat the favor of Yahweh.” The Hebrew is an idiom: “to pacify the face of Yahweh,” from a verb which means to soften by caressing: thus, “to soften the face of Yahweh by caressing it; although no one would actually think that Yahweh would want His face caressed. The full impact of the idiom cannot be caught in one English phrase. It means to ask for the blessing and favor of Yahweh (cp. NLT), as well as to pacify or appease Yahweh (indicating that He may have been upset at one’s past actions, and needed to be pacified while seeking His favor).

Zec 8:23

“Jew.” The “man” (Hebrew is “a man, a Jew”) in Zech. 8:23 is a Jew, a Jewish man, not the Messiah. This is a picture of the wonderful time to come in the Millennial Kingdom. There will be many feasts and festivals, always a fun time for people (Zech. 8:19). These will be held in Jerusalem (Zech. 8:22) and many people will come (Zech. 8:20, 22), even going to other cities and encouraging people to come with them (Zech. 8:21). Whereas in OT times not even all the Jews came, or wanted to come to Jerusalem, that will not be the case in the Millennial Kingdom. People from the nations (Zech. 8:22-23) will come, which means they are Gentiles, not Jews. There will not be just a few, but so many Gentiles will want to participate that there will be at least 10 for every Jew (likely much more, “ten” being a round number in these instances). These Gentiles will go to the Jews and want to go with them to Jerusalem. In the MK the Temple will be a house of prayer for all nations (Isa. 56:7). The Jew in this verse is not Jesus because 1) he is already in Jerusalem reigning as the King, and 2) this is general. There is not just one Jew with 10 Gentiles, but there are lots of Gentiles and at least 10 of them will grab each Jew. Although there are some Gentiles who will be born during the Millennial Kingdom, most will be resurrected into it, which means most of them loved God enough in this life to be in the resurrection, so in the Millennial Kingdom their love and understanding of God will grow and flourish. This is proof of that—they would rather be with the saints at a festival in Jerusalem than stay home.


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