Zechariah Chapter 10  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Zechariah 10
Zec 10:1

“spring rain.” The spring rain is also called the “latter rain.” This is the rain that falls at the end of the rainy season which brings the grain to maturity. Without it, the grain will not mature and there will be no harvest. [For more information on the former and latter rain, see commentary on James 5:7].

Zec 10:2

“For the teraphim have spoken wickedness.” The teraphim were household gods, and they were sometimes consulted by various means of divination as we see here in Zechariah 10:2, when the teraphim “speak” (see commentary on Gen. 31:19). The Hebrew word translated “wickedness” is aven (#0205 אָוֶן), the common meanings of aven include trouble, wickedness, and sorrow. The Brown, Driver, and Briggs Hebrew Lexicon gives the meaning of “thoughts of trouble” and “wicked imaginations” for the definition of aven in Zechariah 10:2, which makes perfect sense. The teraphim were idol gods and were an abomination to God. When they were consulted it was not God who answered through them, but demons, and those demons gave wicked advice and led people away from God. Consulting idols is a lose-lose situation. If the demons think they can get away with giving evil and harmful advice they do, and cause trouble for those who ask for answers from them. On the other hand, if the demons give good advice then people trust them and are pulled deeper into idolatry and disobedience to God which always has bad consequences. [For more on demonic practices that believers are not to be involved in, see Deut. 18:9-14].

“there is no shepherd.” There were no godly leaders. Here, as in many other places, “shepherds” refers to the leaders (see commentary on Jer. 2:8).

Zec 10:3

“he-goats.” The male goat (he-goat) or ram was used idiomatically by the figure of speech hypocatastasis for the powerful people or rulers, and it was especially true when used of ungodly leaders, as it is here and Isaiah 14:9. When one studies the use of “goats” in the Bible, and also studies their destructive behavior, it is easy to see why, in the Bible, the “goats,” were often put for the unbelievers or the unsaved (cp. Matthew 25:33). [For more on goats in the Bible, see commentary on Isaiah 14:9. For more on the figure of speech hypocatastasis, see commentary on Rev. 20:2].

Zec 10:4(top)
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Zec 10:6

“the house of Joseph.” This refers to Israel, the ten tribes that were carried away from the land of Israel by the Assyrians (c. 722 BC) and have not yet returned to Israel.

“and I will bring them back.” Many prophecies foretell the restoration of the country of Israel in the land of Israel, the Promised Land, and Ezekiel 40-48 give a lot of information about what that restoration of Israel will look like. [For more information on Israel’s return to the Promised Land, see commentary on Jer. 32:37. For more on the coming kingdom of Christ on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

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