Numbers Chapter 14  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Numbers 14
 
Num 14:1(top)
Num 14:2(top)
Num 14:3(top)
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Num 14:9

“they are bread for us; their protection has departed from over them.” This is more literally, “they are bread for us, their shade has turned aside [or, “departed”] from over them.” It is possible that Joshua and Caleb were making an allusion to the bread that Israel ate every day, manna, because when the sun came up and the shade was gone it melted away (Exod. 16:21).

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Num 14:10

“the glory of Yahweh appeared.” In this context, “the glory of Yahweh” was the glorious light that surrounded Yahweh. The people saw the glory and knew Yahweh Himself was present and obviously supported Moses. [For more on the glory of God, see commentary on Ezekiel 1:28].

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Num 14:11(top)
Num 14:12(top)
Num 14:13(top)
Num 14:14

“eye to eye.” The Hebrew text says, “eye to eye,” even though most translations say “face to face” (but see Rotherham and Young’s Literal Translation). Communication that is “eye to eye” is as intimate and personal as possible. The only other occurrence of “eye to eye” in the Bible is Isaiah 52:8, which speaks of how the watchmen in Jerusalem will shout for joy when Yahweh returns to Zion, which He does by sending the Messiah, His Son.

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Num 14:15(top)
Num 14:16(top)
Num 14:17(top)
Num 14:18

“visiting the iniquity of the fathers.” See commentary on Exodus 20:5.

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Num 14:19(top)
Num 14:20(top)
Num 14:21

“all the earth will be filled with the glory of Yahweh.” There will be a time in the future when God Himself will be with all His people and the glorious light of God will be everywhere present (Rev. 21:3, 23). [For more on the glory of God, see commentary on Ezekiel 1:28].

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Num 14:22(top)
Num 14:23(top)
Num 14:24(top)
Num 14:25(top)
Num 14:26(top)
Num 14:27(top)
Num 14:28(top)
Num 14:29

“all who were numbered of you according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward who have murmured against me.” This verse says things that differ from what is preserved in the Christian tradition. Numbers 14:29 makes it clear that not all the Israelites except for Joshua and Caleb died in the wilderness, as is often taught.

The people who died in the wilderness are specified by three clauses: all who were numbered; all who were 20 years old and older; and all those who murmured. The Bible is clear that the “whole congregation” murmured (cp. Exod. 15:24; 16:2, 41; 17:3; Num. 14:2). However, there were many people who left Egypt who were not yet twenty years old, and lastly, not every Israelite was numbered in Moses’ census.

It is very clear from reading the Book of Numbers that the Levites were not numbered with the other men (cp. Num. 1:47-54). That explains why God specifically spoke to Aaron and Moses about their dying in the wilderness, and why Moses thought he should be allowed in. Note that it was because God was angry with Moses that he was not allowed into the Promised Land, not because he was older than twenty when Israel left Egypt (Num. 20:12; 27:12-14; Deut. 1:37; 3:23-27).

It is also possible that the women of the generation that left Egypt were allowed into the Promised Land, because the only ones numbered were the men. However, the Bible is silent about that and does not say one way or the other.

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Num 14:30(top)
Num 14:31(top)
Num 14:32(top)
Num 14:33(top)
Num 14:34(top)
Num 14:35(top)
Num 14:36(top)
Num 14:37(top)
Num 14:38(top)
Num 14:39(top)
Num 14:40(top)
Num 14:41(top)
Num 14:42(top)
Num 14:43(top)
Num 14:44(top)
Num 14:45(top)
  

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