The Book of Numbers  PDF  MSWord

Numbers Chapter 1  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Numbers 1
Num 1:1

“wilderness.” The Hebrew word can also be translated as “desert,” which is why some versions read that way.

Num 1:2(top)
Num 1:3(top)
Num 1:4(top)
Num 1:5(top)
Num 1:6(top)
Num 1:7(top)
Num 1:8(top)
Num 1:9(top)
Num 1:10

“Of Ephraim...Of Manasseh.” Ephraim and Manasseh were the two sons of Joseph, and each became a separate tribe and each got land area when Joshua divided the land. Here they are both listed in the list of those counted for war, and the tribe of Levi is not included, so there were 12 tribes of Israel that got land and 12 tribes that went to war, and Levi was excluded.

Num 1:11(top)
Num 1:12(top)
Num 1:13(top)
Num 1:14(top)
Num 1:15(top)
Num 1:16(top)
Num 1:17(top)
Num 1:18

“on the first day of the second month.” Israel left Egypt on the fifteenth day of the first month (“Nisan;” “Abib”) of the year, and this is now the first day of the second month (“Iyyar”), so Israel had now been walking in the wilderness for a year and half a month, or roughly a year and 14 or 15 days. However, a standard biblical year was a lunar year of 354 days, not a solar year of 365 days, and lunar months differed, some being 29 days and some being 30 days, so a year and half a month was likely 368 or 369 days, or just a few days longer than our regular solar year. Figuring out the exact time periods in the Bible according to our Western calendar cannot be done because the new month started when the first crescent of the new moon could be physically seen by the people, so sometimes the start of the month was delayed by cloud cover. Also, every few years a thirteenth month had to be added to the calendar so the crops would correctly correspond to the feastly calendar, but that extra month could be sooner or later than regularly expected because cooler than normal weather could delay the crops while warmer than expected weather could ripen them unusually early.

Num 1:19(top)
Num 1:20(top)
Num 1:21(top)
Num 1:22(top)
Num 1:23(top)
Num 1:24(top)
Num 1:25(top)
Num 1:26(top)
Num 1:27(top)
Num 1:28(top)
Num 1:29(top)
Num 1:30(top)
Num 1:31(top)
Num 1:32(top)
Num 1:33(top)
Num 1:34(top)
Num 1:35(top)
Num 1:36(top)
Num 1:37(top)
Num 1:38(top)
Num 1:39(top)
Num 1:40(top)
Num 1:41(top)
Num 1:42(top)
Num 1:43(top)
Num 1:44(top)
Num 1:45(top)
Num 1:46(top)
Num 1:47(top)
Num 1:48(top)
Num 1:49(top)
Num 1:50(top)
Num 1:51

“The unauthorized person.” The Hebrew word is zar (#02114) and although it usually is used in the context of someone being a non-Israelite, a foreigner, in this context the “stranger” is the person who has not been authorized by Yahweh to be around the Tent of Meeting. The English translations handle it in different ways: “anyone else” (CJB, NIV, RSV); “unauthorized person” (HCSB, NAB, NET, NJB); “outsider” (ESV, NRSV); “common man” (JPS); “layman” (NASB). People who were not Levites were not allowed to approach God without a sacrifice or offering, but the offering allowed the person to enter close to the presence of God (cp. Lev. 1:1ff).

Num 1:52(top)
Num 1:53(top)
Num 1:54(top)

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