The Book of Micah  PDF  MSWord

Micah Chapter 1  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Micah 1
Mic 1:1

“in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.” Micah prophesied between 750 and 686 BC, as recorded here in Micah 1:1 (cp. Jer. 26:18). He was a contemporary with Isaiah (cp. Isa. 1:1) and Hosea (cp. Hos. 1:1).

Mic 1:2(top)
Mic 1:3(top)
Mic 1:4(top)
Mic 1:5

“Samaria...Jerusalem.” The capital cities of Israel and Judah; they were both full of idols and idolatrous practices.

“shrines.” The Hebrew word “shrines” is bamot, which referred to a place that was leveled and built up and on which were placed various idols and objects of worship. Many of the towns had such shrines (see commentary on Num. 33:52).

Mic 1:6

“I will pour down its stones into the valley.” The huge stone wall that fortified Samaria would be pushed over and the stones rolled down the hill into the valley below.

Mic 1:7

“prostitute’s wages will be burned with fire.” This would not refer to money, but to gifts that were received for both spiritual and physical prostitution. People would bring gifts to honor the pagan gods, the idols, and temple prostitutes would receive gifts as well.

Mic 1:8

“For this I will lament and wail.” The prophets were not unaffected by what Yahweh showed them. They loved their country and the people, and tried to convince the people to turn from their sin, and tried to get Yahweh to hold back the coming disaster. Micah aggressively interceded for Israel and Judah, but their sin continued and consequences came.

Mic 1:9(top)
Mic 1:10(top)
Mic 1:11(top)
Mic 1:12(top)
Mic 1:13

“Daughter Zion.” The Hebrew is idiomatic for Zion itself, i.e., Jerusalem (see commentary on Isa. 1:8).

Mic 1:14(top)
Mic 1:15

“nobles.” The Hebrew is singular; “honor,” or “glory” but it refers to the honorable ones in Judah.

Mic 1:16

“Shave your heads.” The people in the East had many customs when it came to mourning the dead, and Micah 1:16 mentions shaving the head. Other verses that mention shaving the head in mourning for the dead include Isaiah 15:2; Jeremiah 16:6, 47:5; 48:37; Ezekiel 7:18, and Micah 1:16. Other signs of mourning include cutting off the beard (cp. Jer. 41:5), putting on sackcloth (cp. Jer. 48:37), having a time of silence (Jer. 47:5), and cutting oneself (see commentaries on Jeremiah 41:5 and 1 Kings 18:28). It was also customary for people to bring food and have a mourning feast (Jer. 16:5-8).

“they have been taken from you into captivity!” The destruction of Jerusalem and deportation of its people is mentioned here in Micah 1:15-16; 3:12 and 4:10 (see commentary on Micah 4:10).


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