Leviticus Chapter 4  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Leviticus 4
 
Lev 4:1(top)
Lev 4:2

“unintentionally.” The sin offering and trespass offering were for unintentional sins. If a person sinned on purpose, willfully, defiantly, he was to be “cut off” from his people (Num. 15:30-31). That is why we sometimes see the wrath of God fall on people in the Old Testament, such as on Aaron’s sons who disobeyed God about the offerings (Lev. 10:1-2), or when the ground opened up and swallowed Korah and the rest of the leaders who rebelled against God and Moses (Num. 16:1-2, 31-35).

If a person sinned intentionally, and had no intention of repenting, then their life was in danger from God, the Devil, or people. However, we all sometimes sin intentionally, and God is gracious and so often there are no immediate consequences for that sin; but there certainly will be on the Day of Judgment unless the person repents and God accepts their asking for His forgiveness (cp. 1 John 1:9 and note the record of the tax collector in Luke 18:13).

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Lev 4:3(top)
Lev 4:4

“to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, before Yahweh.” The entrance of the Tent of Meeting was the entrance to the Holy Place, the first room of the Tabernacle, where the menorah, Bread of the Presence, and the golden altar of incense were. God dwelt in the Tabernacle, so to bring the bull to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, before Yahweh, was to bring the bull into the Tabernacle courtyard but not into the Tabernacle itself.

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Lev 4:5

“bring it into the Tent of Meeting.” The priest was to bring the blood “into” the Tent of Meeting. Although the Hebrew text can be either “to” or “into,” the priest was already before the Tent of Meeting, so in that context the Hebrew means “into.” The priest slaughtered the bull in the courtyard of the Tabernacle, then went into the Holy Place and sprinkled it before Yahweh, before the curtain to the Holy of Holies (Lev. 4:6).

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Lev 4:6(top)
Lev 4:7

“the altar of sweet incense before Yahweh that is in the Tent of Meeting.” After sprinkling the blood toward the Holy of Holies, the priest is to put blood on the horns of the golden altar of incense.

“Then he is to pour out all of rest of the blood of the bull at the base of the altar of burnt offering.” So, the process of the sin offering involves the priest slaughtering the animal in the Tabernacle courtyard, then going into the Holy Place, the first room of the Tabernacle, and sprinkling the blood toward the Holy of Holies, then putting blood on the horns of the golden altar of incense, then going back out into the Tabernacle courtyard and pouring out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar of sacrifice. Then the priest deals with the parts of the animal that are burned on the altar as an offering to God (Lev. 4:8-10), then the priest deals with the parts of the sacrifice that must be burned outside the camp (Lev. 4:11-12).

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Lev 4:8(top)
Lev 4:9(top)
Lev 4:10

“burn...into smoke.” See commentary on Exodus 29:13.

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Lev 4:11(top)
Lev 4:12(top)
Lev 4:13(top)
Lev 4:14(top)
Lev 4:15(top)
Lev 4:16(top)
Lev 4:17(top)
Lev 4:18(top)
Lev 4:19(top)
Lev 4:20(top)
Lev 4:21(top)
Lev 4:22(top)
Lev 4:23(top)
Lev 4:24(top)
Lev 4:25(top)
Lev 4:26(top)
Lev 4:27

“by doing any one of all the things​.” Even breaking one commandment is breaking the Law and is sin. The Hebrew word “one,” echad, is in the text and should not be played down in translation. James 2:10 says that breaking one of the commandments makes a person guilty of breaking the whole Law.

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Lev 4:28(top)
Lev 4:29(top)
Lev 4:30(top)
Lev 4:31

“burn...into smoke.” See commentary on Exodus 29:13.

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Lev 4:32(top)
Lev 4:33(top)
Lev 4:34(top)
Lev 4:35(top)
  

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