Job Chapter 14  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Job 14
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Job 14:10

“breathes his last.” The Hebrew verb translated “breathes his last” is gava (#01478 גָּוַע), and it refers to dying (see commentary on Gen. 25:8, “breathed his last”).

Job 14:11(top)
Job 14:12

“so a man lies down.” That is, lies down in death. Although Job uses the masculine singular, “a man,” what he said refers to men and women. In the second stanza of the verse Job shifts from the singular to the plural, “they will not awake.” What Job says applies to every person; everyone dies, and no one will awake until God raises them up on their Day of Judgment.

“Until the heavens are no more they will not awake.” Job speaks with great wisdom and knowledge. Job knows that dead people are truly dead, lifeless. They are not alive in any form or place. Furthermore, he knows that people will stay dead until, “the heavens are no more,” that is that this evil age has come to an end and there is a new heaven and a new earth (cp. Isa. 65:17). Job has said in a number of places that he, and everyone else, will die and be dead (cp. Job 3:11-13; 7:7-10; 14:12; 19:25-26; 30:23).

Job was likely born only a few hundred years after the Flood and so could possibly have known Noah personally (Noah lived for 350 years after the Flood; Gen. 9:28-29). Job would have known about Adam and Eve, the Garden of Eden, the Fall of Man, and the promise that there would be a redeemer who would crush the head of God’s enemy (Gen. 3:15) and end what the Bible calls “this present evil age” (Gal. 1:4). Job knew that he had a redeemer, and that “in the end” he would stand upon the earth and that at that time Job, in his flesh again so obviously raised from the dead, would see God (Job 19:25-26).

[For more on the dead being truly dead, see Appendix 4, “The Dead are Dead”].

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