Jeremiah Chapter 36  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Jeremiah 36
Jer 36:1(top)
Jer 36:2(top)
Jer 36:3

“hear.” This is the full or “pregnant” sense of the word “hear.” It means more than just hear audibly, it means hear, pay attention to, and act upon.

“disaster.” The Hebrew is ra (#07451 רַע), which is the standard Hebrew word for “evil,” here put by metonymy for disaster and all that accompanies it.

“that I am planning to do to them.” This is a good example of the idiom of permission, in which God is said to do something that is actually a consequence of a person’s own actions. [For a brief explanation of the idiom of permission, see commentary on Romans 9:18].

Jer 36:4(top)
Jer 36:5

“I am restricted.” Jeremiah could not go into the Temple, but no reason is given as to why. Scholars have suggested various reasons, such as Jeremiah’s earlier prophecies which made him unwelcome at the Temple, or it may have been that he had some kind of sickness that made him unclean at the time. The fact is that we do not know the reason.

Jer 36:6

“on a fast day.” The Jewish leaders would proclaim a fast day when there was some concern about a coming calamity and there was a need for prayer. By choosing a fast day to read the scroll, the people in the Temple would be concerned about a problem and in a mind to repent and confess sins, and he also knew there would be a large crowd in the Temple on a fast day, so lots of people would hear the Word of God being read. Thus a fast day would be a good chance for people to hear, believe, and repent.

Jeremiah dictated the scroll in the fourth year of Jehoiakim (Jer. 36:1), and an appropriate fast day came up the next year, the fifth year of Jehoiakim (Jer. 36:9). We do not know when in the fourth year Jeremiah wrote the scroll, but we do know that Baruch read it in the ninth month of the fifth year, which is our November/December (Jer. 36:22). This means there was at least a nine-month wait between when the scroll was written and when it was read. This is a great lesson in patience. Even though Jeremiah and Baruch wanted to read the Word of God to the people, they waited for the time that God told them to wait for. Spiritual maturity involves learning to wait for the right time to do God’s work. Although some commentators believe this fast day to be the Day of Atonement, that cannot be correct because this fast occurred in the ninth month (Jer. 36:9), while the Day of Atonement was the tenth day of the seventh month (Lev. 16:29).

Jer 36:7(top)
Jer 36:8(top)
Jer 36:9(top)
Jer 36:10

“the upper court.” Very likely the court of the priests (cp. 2 Chron. 4:9).

Jer 36:11(top)
Jer 36:12(top)
Jer 36:13(top)
Jer 36:14(top)
Jer 36:15(top)
Jer 36:16(top)
Jer 36:17(top)
Jer 36:18(top)
Jer 36:19(top)
Jer 36:20(top)
Jer 36:21

“the scroll.” The scroll of the Word of God, which Jeremiah had dictated to Baruch the scribe.

Jer 36:22

“the ninth month.” The month Kislev, basically equivalent to our December, but the Hebrew months could shift back and forth somewhat due to the lunar calendar they were based on. It is cold in Israel in December, and can even occasionally snow.

Jer 36:23(top)
Jer 36:24(top)
Jer 36:25(top)
Jer 36:26(top)
Jer 36:27(top)
Jer 36:28(top)
Jer 36:29(top)
Jer 36:30(top)
Jer 36:31(top)
Jer 36:32(top)

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