Jeremiah Chapter 32  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Jeremiah 32
 
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Jer 32:10

“in the balances.” It is not that there was more than one balance, but the noun “balance” is a dual noun because there were two pans or pouches, one on each end of the balance beam. [For more on the biblical balance, see commentary on Prov. 11:1].

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Jer 32:33

“rising up early and teaching them.” The phrase “rising up early” is is an idiom meaning to do something again and again. The idea is that God rose up early and taught Judah over and over as the day progressed. We have kept the idiom but inserted the meaning of the idiom by adding “over and over” in italics. [For more on this idiom and where it occurs, see commentary on Jeremiah 26:5].

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Jer 32:34

“they set their abominations.” This is essentially a restatement of Jeremiah 7:30.

“in the house that is called by my name.” That is, the Temple.

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Jer 32:35(top)
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Jer 32:37

“and I will bring them again.” There are many verses like Jeremiah 32:37 that prophesy Israel’s return to the land of Israel (cp. Isa. 11:11-12; 27:13; 56:8; 66:20; Jer. 23:3-8; 29:14; 31:8; 32:37-38, 42-44; 33:10-13; Ezek. 11:17, 28:25; 34:11-13; 36:24; 37:21; 39:28; Hos. 1:11; Amos 9:14-15; Zeph. 3:18-20; Zech. 8:7-8).

Jeremiah 32:37 is one of many verses that foretells Israel and Judah returning to, and being in, the Promised Land, which was part of the promise of the New Covenant (Jer. 31:8-33). The return to the land of Israel will be in large part due to the first resurrection, the Resurrection of the Righteous (cp. Ezek. 37:12-28). It is likely that there will be many thousands of righteous Israelites, perhaps even millions of righteous Israelites, who will get up from the dead and return to Israel. And also there will be righteous Israelites who will survive the Great Tribulation and battle of Armageddon who will be allowed to enter the Millennial Kingdom at the Sheep and Goat Judgment (Matt. 25:31-46).

Although most of the prophecies about Israel being gathered from the nations and returning to the land of Israel occur after the captivities, especially the Babylonian captivity, the prophecies of the return to the land are not fully fulfilled by the return from Babylon. For one thing, from the time of the Babylonian captivity even until today there have always been more Jews in the diaspora, the Jews who live outside of Israel, than in the land of Israel. The prophecy of Israel’s return to the land of Israel in Ezekiel 39:28 specifically says no one will be left behind in the nations.

Furthermore, there are a few verses that acknowledge that Israel was scattered among the nations long before the Babylonian captivity. God had said if Israel sinned they would be scattered among the nations (Lev. 26:33; Deut. 4:27), and Israel started sinning very early and people left Israel or were taken captive and deported. The Psalmist (likely David) prays that God will bring Israel back from the nations to which they had been scattered (Ps. 106:47). Isaiah 11:11-12, which was written more than 100 years before the deportations of the Babylonian captivity started, says that the Israelites had already been scattered to Assyria, Egypt, Ethiopia (Cush), Elam, Shinar, Hamath (in northern Syria) and the coasts (or islands) of the Mediterranean Sea.

[For more on Israel and Judah being brought back to the Promised Land, see commentary on Jer. 32:37. For more on the two future resurrections, the Resurrection of the Righteous and the Resurrection of the Unrighteous, see commentary on Acts 24:15. For more on the Sheep and Goat Judgment and the “big picture” chronology of the end times, see commentary on Matthew 25:32].

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Jer 32:38(top)
Jer 32:39

“road.” The Hebrew word “road,” was used idiomatically for a way of life, and the verse could be amplified somewhat to read, “And I will give them one heart and one way of life.” We see “road” used of a way of life in dozens of verses (cp. Ps. 1:1, 6; 18:30; 25:9; 37:5; 101:2; Prov. 2:20; 4:14, 19; 8:13; 11:20; 12:15; 13:6; 15:9, 19; 16:7; etc.).

Under the New Covenant, when people get a new heart and God puts His Word in people’s minds, people will live a godly life. They will all have one heart, and one godly way of life. The New Covenant, which was future to Jeremiah, has now been ratified with Christ’s blood and death on the cross. However, the covenant promises, such as these in Jeremiah 32:39, will not be fully realized until the Millennial Kingdom and First Resurrection, when Christ rules as king over the earth and the righteous believers are raised from the dead in their new everlasting bodies. It is common with covenants that there is a period of time—sometimes a long time—between when a covenant is ratified and when the covenant promises are fulfilled. For example, God made a blood covenant with Abraham and promised that Abraham and his offspring would get the Promised Land. It has now been 4,000 years and that covenant promise has not been fulfilled, but it will be. Part of the reason that believers of all time have a secure hope for the future is that God is a God who keeps promises.

[For more on the New Covenant, see commentary on Jeremiah 31:31. For more on Christ’s reigning as king on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth.” For more on the Rapture and resurrections, see commentary on Acts 24:15].

“forever.” This is expressed in the Hebrew text by the idiom, more literally translated as “all the days,” In this context this idiom means “forever” or “always.” This is a wonderful promise because it is saying that when God gathers Israel again, which will happen in the time of the New Covenant that people will get a new heart (they will all have “one heart”) and “a new spirit” (cp. parallel verse; Ezek. 11:19), and they will always fear God for their own good and for the good of their children. This promise is similar to the promise to the Christian Church that the New Birth is permanent (see commentary on 1 Peter 1:3).

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Jer 32:40(top)
Jer 32:41

“in faithfulness.” Here in Jeremiah 32:41, God reminds us that He is a faithful God. The reason we can trust His promises is that He is faithful and He does not lie, and He made promises to Israel that they would have the Promised Land. Here in Jeremiah He promises to plant Israel in the land, thus being faithful to what He had said.

“whole soul.” Here in Jeremiah 32:41, the word “soul” means “self” in the sense of God’s thoughts, emotions, and attitudes. God does not have a “soul” that gives him life, like humans do. [For more on “soul,” see Appendix 7, “Usages of ‘Soul’”].

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Jer 32:42(top)
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Jer 32:44

“and…and…and…and…and.” Here in Jeremiah 32:44, God uses the figure of speech polysyndeton (many “ands”) to emphasize each individual point. From a human viewpoint it seemed like Judah was so devastated that it would never thrive again, but God makes it clear it will flourish everywhere—the hill country, the lowlands, and even in the more arid Negev. When Christ rules in the Millennial Kingdom, the earth will be a paradise, which is why Jesus told the thief on the cross that he would be with the Lord in “paradise” (see commentary on Luke 23:43).

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