Jeremiah Chapter 30  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Jeremiah 30
 
Jer 30:1(top)
Jer 30:2(top)
Jer 30:3

“I will cause them to return to the land.” Jeremiah 30:3 shows us that this section of Jeremiah is speaking of the time after Armageddon when both Israel and Judah are returned to the land of Israel, as is foretold in many Scriptures. Judah returned from the Babylonian captivity, but Israel has not returned from the Assyrian captivity even to this day. Also, even after Judah returned to the land of Israel, they never possessed it as promised in the scriptures, and it was always under the control of others: the Persians, Greeks, Romans, etc. So this verse in Jeremiah is about the restoration of Israel in the Millennial Kingdom of Christ, and the verses associated with it, such as Jeremiah 30:4-7 are about the Great Tribulation that precedes the Millennial Kingdom. [For more on the coming kingdom of Christ on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

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Jer 30:4(top)
Jer 30:5(top)
Jer 30:6(top)
Jer 30:7

“Jacob’s trouble.” “Jacob’s trouble” in this context is the period of the Day of the LORD, also known as the Great Tribulation, that will come upon Israel and the earth for all the sin they have committed. That Israel will suffer greatly is why Jeremiah refers to the time as “Jacob’s trouble.” Although Israel and the earth will suffer great tribulation, some of the people both of Israel and the nations will survive and be allowed into the future kingdom of Christ on earth at the “Sheep and Goat Judgment” (Matt. 25:31-46). [For more on the prophecies of the Great Tribulation, see commentary on Isaiah 13:9. For more on the Sheep and Goat Judgment, see commentary on Matt. 25:32. For more on the future kingdom of Christ on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

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Jer 30:8(top)
Jer 30:9

“David their king.” Here in Jeremiah 30:9, the Messiah is called “David.” This is the figure of speech antonomasia, “name change,” where a person is called by a name other than his or her own name in order to import characteristics from the other person. David was a well-known type of Christ, and the Bible calls the Messiah, Jesus Christ, by the name of “David” in Jeremiah 30:9; Ezekiel 34:23, 24; 37:24, 25, and Hosea 3:5 (see commentary on Ezek. 34:23). [For a more complete explanation of the Messiah being called “David,” see commentary on Ezekiel 34:23].

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Jer 30:10(top)
Jer 30:11(top)
Jer 30:12(top)
Jer 30:13(top)
Jer 30:14(top)
Jer 30:15(top)
Jer 30:16(top)
Jer 30:17(top)
Jer 30:18

“mound of ruins.” The Hebrew is “tel,” a mound of ruins. See Deuteronomy 13:16 and Joshua 8:28.

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Jer 30:19(top)
Jer 30:20(top)
Jer 30:21

“leader will be one of them.” This leader is never stated to be the Messiah. However, this section of Jeremiah is about the re-establishment of the kingdom of Israel, which other sections of Scripture make clear ultimately occurs under the reign of the Messiah. C. F. Keil writes, “The meaning is, that the people will no longer be ruled or subdued by foreign masters, but be ruled by glorious princes, i.e., leaders endowed with princely glory, and these out of the midst of themselves. Herein is contained the truth, that the sovereignty of Israel, as restored, culminates in the kingdom of the Messiah” (Commentary on the Old Testament: Jeremiah). The Barnes’ Notes commentary on the Bible correctly states, that the “Messiah shall be revealed to them out of their own midst.” Ancient Jews applied Jeremiah 30:21 to the Messiah. Alfred Edersheim wrote in his book, Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, in the appendix titled “List of Old Testament Passages Messianically Applied in Ancient Rabbinic Writings,” that, “Jeremiah 30:21 is applied to the Messiah in the Targum, and also in the Midrash on Psalm 21:7” (Edersheim, Life and Times, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, MI, republished, 1971. p. 731).

That this verse points to the Messiah and Messianic Kingdom become clear from a study of the history of Israel. During Jeremiah’s time, Israel was conquered by the Babylonians. Then they were conquered by the Persians. Then Israel was conquered by the Greeks. Then there was a short time of rule by Israelites themselves, when the Hasmoneans defeated the Greeks, but that was very short lived and was not the glorious time that the prophecies called for. Then Israel was conquered by the Romans, and so on down through history. The glorious kingdom of Israel portrayed in Old Testament prophecy has never been since Jeremiah’s time, but will be restored by the Messiah, who will conquer the earth, re-establish Israel, build the Temple, rule from Jerusalem, and make the earth into a “paradise.” [For more about the coming kingdom of Christ on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

“for who is he who would dare to risk his life to approach me.” The Hebrew is difficult and idiomatic, but the REV catches the sense of it (cp. NASB). The rulers were not normally priests, so they could not approach God without risking their life. But this ruler, the Messiah, will be a king and priest.

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Jer 30:22(top)
Jer 30:23(top)
Jer 30:24(top)
  

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