Jeremiah Chapter 46  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Jeremiah 46
 
Jer 46:1(top)
Jer 46:2

“which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim.” The Egyptians had controlled Palestine until their defeat at Carchemish (605 BC). After defeating the Egyptians, Nebuchadnezzar came to Judah and Jerusalem and carried captives back to Babylon. Daniel was one of those first captives taken to Babylon in what is commonly called the “Babylonian Captivity.” The Babylonian Captivity was actually a series of captivities in which people were taken captive to Babylon. Ezekiel was taken captive to Babylon in the second major wave of the Babylonian Captivity (see commentary on Ezek. 1:2).

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Jer 46:3(top)
Jer 46:4(top)
Jer 46:5

“They are terrified.” The Egyptian soldiers were terrified. They were soundly defeated by the Babylonians.

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Jer 46:6

“by the Euphrates River.” The Euphrates River is hundreds of miles north of Israel and runs through the country of Babylon.

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Jer 46:7

“the rivers whose waters surge.” The “rivers” here are the rivers of the Nile, the various rivers and sreams that feed the Nile (cp. Exod. 7:19). Thus, this is still a reference to Egypt.

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Jer 46:8(top)
Jer 46:9

“Cush and Put...and the Ludim.” “Cush” refers to Ethiopia, and although there is some debate, “Put” likely refers to Lybia in Africa and “Lud” to Lydia in Asia Minor. These nations were known to send mercenaries to help Egypt in war (cp. Ezek. 30:5; Nahum 3:9).

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Jer 46:10

“that he may avenge himself on his adversaries.” Many scholars believe that Yahweh considered Pharaoh Necho His adversary and worthy of vengeance due to Necho’s killing of the godly king Josiah, although he did warn Josiah (2 Chron. 35:20-24; 2 Kings 23:28-30) and then afflicting Judah by replacing King Jehoahaz and carrying him off into captivity and placing a heavy fine on Judah (2 Kings 23:30-35; 2 Chron. 36:1-4).

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