Isaiah Chapter 66  PDF  MSWord

Go to Chapter:
|01 |02 |03 |04 |05 |06 |07 |08 |09 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |21 |22 |23 |24 |25 |26 |27 |28 |29 |30 |31 |32 |33 |34 |35 |36 |37 |38 |39 |40 |41 |42 |43 |44 |45 |46 |47 |48 |49 |50 |51 |52 |53 |54 |55 |56 |57 |58 |59 |60 |61 |62 |63 |64 |65 |66 |

Go to verse:
|01 |02 |03 |04 |05 |06 |07 |08 |09 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |21 |22 |23 |24 |

Go to Bible: Isaiah 66
Isa 66:1(top)
Isa 66:2

“look with favor.” In this context, “look” has the sense of “look with favor.”

“humble.” The same Hebrew word is translated “poor” in versions such as the KJV, and it can indeed refer to people who are physically poor and/or afflicted. But the Hebrew word can refer to “poor” or “humble,” and here “humble” is the better translation (cp. Matt. 5:3).

“contrite.” In English, the word “contrite” means “showing sorrow or remorse for a sin” (Webster’s dictionary). The Hebrew word means to be struck or beaten, and then in some contexts the meaning is extended to “bruised,” “wounded,” “ruined,” or “destroyed.” Honest, humble people have a “contrite spirit,” that is, a contrite attitude toward God because they know that no matter how hard they try, they often sin or fall short of what they know they should do. Jesus taught us, “Blessed are the poor (humble) in spirit (attitude)” (Matt. 5:3).

Isa 66:3

“He who kills an ox is like he who kills a man. The context picks up with the prideful people who thought they could do enough in their own ability to go through the motions of sacrifices and offerings to be righteous in God’s sight. It is always a pure heart and trust in God that makes what we do acceptable to God. [For more information about the sacrifices of wicked people being of no value, see commentary on Amos 5:22].

Isa 66:4(top)
Isa 66:5(top)
Isa 66:6(top)
Isa 66:7(top)
Isa 66:8

“Can a nation be brought forth all at once. This phrase shows us that this section of Isaiah is about the future when Christ comes from heaven and fights the battle of Armageddon, conquers the earth, and sets up his kingdom on earth, that will happen on a day like no other day (Zech. 14:3-7). There have been events that have foreshadowed this final event, such as the return of Judah to the land of Israel, but no past event has fulfilled this prophecy literally or fully.

Associated with Christ’s conquest of the earth and setting up his Millennial Kingdom will be the building of the temple described in Ezekiel 40-48, the Sheep and Goat Judgment (Matt. 25:31-46), and the Resurrection of the Righteous (Rev. 20:1-4). [For more on Jesus’ kingdom on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

Isa 66:9(top)
Isa 66:10

“Rejoice with Jerusalem and be glad for her.” Isaiah now begins speaking about Jerusalem in the future, and Isaiah 66:10-13 and 18-24 are about the Millennial Kingdom when Christ rules the earth from Jerusalem. As Isaiah’s prophecy states, Christ’s kingdom will be a time of great abundance and peace, and the glory of God will be proclaimed to the nations and the people of Israel will be gathered in their own land. [For more verses in Isaiah that speak of the Millennial Kingdom, see commentary on Isaiah 2:2. For more on Christ’s future kingdom on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

Isa 66:11(top)
Isa 66:12(top)
Isa 66:13(top)
Isa 66:14

“and your bones will flourish like the tender grass. This phrase will in part apply to those righteous people who are let into the future kingdom of Christ on earth at the sheep and goat judgment (Matt. 25:31-46), but it mostly applies to those people who are dead and whose bones are dry and disintegrated. The righteous dead will be restored at the Resurrection of the Righteous just as Ezekiel described (Ezek. 37:1-14). The Old Testament has a number of verses about God raising the dead in the future (cp. Deut. 32:39; Job. 19:25-27; Ps. 71:20; Isa. 26:19; 66:14; Ezek. 37:12-14; Dan. 12:2, 13; and Hos. 13:14). [For more on Christ’s future kingdom on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

Isa 66:15(top)
Isa 66:16(top)
Isa 66:17(top)
Isa 66:18(top)
Isa 66:19

“I will set a sign among them.” What this sign is, is not known.

“Pul.” The location is unknown, and so many scholars have suggested an emendation, but there is no reason not to believe that a nation existed (likely for a short time) that we do not yet know about today.

Isa 66:20(top)
Isa 66:21

“I will also take some of them as priests and Levites.” The natural reading of this verse is that in Christ’s future kingdom on earth some of the Gentiles will be taken as priests and Levites. This makes sense because many Gentiles will be saved and will be worshiping God (see commentary on John 10:16). Nevertheless, this is so different from what God has done in keeping the priests and Levites to only descendants of Levi (and the priests as only descendants of Aaron) that many scholars think the verse is still somehow speaking of this referring to Israelites becoming priests and Levites. But if God were going to open the priesthood to any Israelite, there seems to be no reason that He would not open it to Gentiles as well.

Isa 66:22(top)
Isa 66:23

“From new moon to new moon.” The new moon, the beginning of the month, was celebrated with special sacrifices and offerings (Num. 28:11-15).

“worship me.” Or. “bow down to me.” The Hebrew verb translated “worship” is shachah (#07812 שָׁחָה), and it is the same Hebrew word as is translated “bow down.” The common biblical way of bowing down before people or God was to fall to one’s knees and bow the upper body to the earth. Shachah is translated as both “bow down” and “worship;” traditionally “worship” if God is involved and “bow down” if people are involved, but the verb and action are the same, the act of bowing down is the worship. [For more on bowing down, see commentary on 1 Chron. 29:20].

Isa 66:24(top)

prev   top   next