Isaiah Chapter 65  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Isaiah 65
 
Isa 65:1(top)
Isa 65:2(top)
Isa 65:3

“insult me.” The Hebrew word is related to anger, but it makes the English translation awkward. For example, “anger me to my face” gets the idea but is not clear in English. The people angered God by worshipping pagan gods. Many versions use “provoke,” but the common definition of “provoke” is to purposely incite someone, and the Israelites did not worship God with the goal of making Him angry, they were self-centered and did not submit to God.

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Isa 65:4(top)
Isa 65:5(top)
Isa 65:6(top)
Isa 65:7(top)
Isa 65:8(top)
Isa 65:9(top)
Isa 65:10(top)
Isa 65:11

“Fortune...Destiny.” Isaiah reproves people who worship the pagan god “Fortune” (Gad; #01409 גַּד) and “Destiny” (Meni #04507 מְנִי).

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Isa 65:12(top)
Isa 65:13(top)
Isa 65:14(top)
Isa 65:15(top)
Isa 65:16(top)
Isa 65:17

“a new heaven and a new earth.” Two times in the future there will be “a new heaven and a new earth.” The “new heaven and earth” here in Isaiah 65:17 is the heaven and earth of Christ’s Millennial Kingdom on earth. The phrase “a new heaven and a new earth” can be confusing because Revelation 21:1 also says, “And I saw a new heaven and a new earth,” but the “new heaven and new earth” of Isaiah 65 is the Millennial Kingdom, whereas the new heaven and earth of Revelation 21 is the “Everlasting Kingdom,” the final heaven and earth.

There will be two kingdoms on earth in the future. The first will be Christ’s Millennial Kingdom, and it will last 1000 years (Rev. 20:1-5). It will be “new” because when Christ comes back, the earth—the soil, oceans, lakes, and air—will be completely restored to their pristine condition. When Christ comes from heaven he will fight the Battle of Armageddon and conquer the earth and set up his Millennial Kingdom on earth. But the earth will have been so polluted and ruined by thousands of years of human occupation and pollution that he will have to regenerate it into a Garden of Eden like state so people can live on it safely and joyfully. So the earth of Christ’s Millennial Kingdom really will be a “new heavens and earth” compared to what it is now. The total regeneration of the earth explains why Jesus spoke of a “New Beginning” in Matthew 19:28, and why in Acts 3:21, Peter said that Jesus will be in heaven until “the time all things are restored.” But the Millennial Kingdom and the earth at that time will come to an end after 1,000 years because of a war between God and the Devil, and the earth will be destroyed by fire (Rev. 20:7-10; 2 Peter 3:11-12). But after the war, God will again create a new heaven and new earth, which is briefly described in Revelation 21 and 22, and it is sometimes referred to as the “Everlasting Kingdom” because it will last forever.

We know this section in Isaiah is speaking of the Millennial Kingdom and not the final Everlasting Kingdom because of the earth it describes. For example, Isaiah 65:19 mentions the city of Jerusalem, and also there will still be people dying (Isa. 65:20).

[For more on the Millennial Kingdom, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth. For more on why there will be natural people in the Millennial Kingdom who are born, marry, bear children, and die, see commentary on Matthew 25:32, the sheep and goat judgment].

“new heaven.” In the Hebrew text, the word “heaven” is plural, but it is always plural because there is no singular form of the noun in Hebrew; there is no word “heaven,” it is always “heavens.” The plural form is emphatic and points to the hugeness of “heaven,” which includes earth’s atmosphere and the sphere of God’s dwelling. Here in Isaiah there is no reason to believe that the “heaven” in which God dwells is going to be re-created when Christ conquers the earth, but the earth’s atmosphere will certainly be recreated and air pollution will be a thing of the past.

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Isa 65:18(top)
Isa 65:19(top)
Isa 65:20

“For the young man will die at 100 years old.” There will be natural people in Christ’s Millennial Kingdom on earth, but they will live a long time, as this verse says. If a person dies at 100 years old they will still be considered as dying young. Isaiah 65:22 says the natural people in the Millennial Kingdom will live as long as trees, which could easily be several hundred years.

After Christ conquers the earth in the Battle of Armageddon (Rev. 19:11-21), he will gather the people who survive the battle and divide them into two groups, the “sheep” and the “goats.” The goats are immediately thrown into the Lake of Fire, while the “sheep” are let into the Millennial Kingdom (Matt. 25:31-46). The natural people who are allowed into the Millennial Kingdom at the Sheep and Goat judgment will have never experienced death, and so they will marry, bear children (Isa. 65:20, 23; Ezek. 47:22), age and die (Isa. 65:20), just as people do on earth now. It is some of those people who Satan will deceive when he is let out of the Abyss at the end of the 1,000-year Millennial Kingdom (Rev. 20:1-3, 7-10). Christ’s Millennial Kingdom on earth will be a time of unprecedented safety and health, and the children will grow up healthy and safe.

[For more on the Sheep and Goat Judgment and natural people being let into Christ’s Millennial Kingdom, see commentary on Matt. 25:32. For more on the Millennial Kingdom and the future reign of Christ on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth.” For more on the future resurrections, the resurrection of the righteous and the resurrection of the unrighteous, see commentary on Acts 24:15].

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Isa 65:21(top)
Isa 65:22

“for as the days of a tree.” The natural people in the Millennial Kingdom will live very long lives (see commentary on Isa. 65:20).

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Isa 65:23

“children who will experience calamity.” The Hebrew text is more literally, “children for calamity,” but the meaning is children who will experience calamity (or “ruin”). The natural people who are allowed into the Millennial Kingdom at the Sheep and Goat judgment will have never experienced death, and so they will marry, bear children, age and die just as people do on earth now (cp. Ezek. 47:22, see commentary on Isa. 65:20). It is some of those people who Satan will deceive when he is let out of the Abyss at the end of the 1,000-year Millennial Kingdom (Rev. 20:1-3, 7-10). Christ’s Millennial Kingdom on earth will be a time of unprecedented safety and health, and the children will grow up healthy and safe.

[For more on the Sheep and Goat Judgment, see commentary on Matt. 25:32. For more on the Millennial Kingdom and the future reign of Christ on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

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Isa 65:24(top)
Isa 65:25

“The wolf and the lamb will feed together.” Isaiah 65:25 is a shortened summary of what Isaiah had already said in Isaiah 11:6-9. The Hebrew word “together” is 'echad (#0259 אֶחָד), “one,” and it paints a beautiful picture of the harmony that will exist between the animals when Christ conquers the earth and sets up his kingdom on earth, and rules from Jerusalem. In Christ’s kingdom the animals will eat together as “one” (Rotherham’s Emphasized Bible says “in unity”), and they will all be eating plants, just as Isaiah 65:25 says. The Millennial Kingdom will be a reestablishment of Eden, and in Eden all the animals ate plants, not each other (cp. Gen. 1:30).

[For more on the Millennial Kingdom, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth.” For more on the Millennial Kingdom being like the Garden of Eden, also called “Paradise,” see commentary on Luke 23:43].

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