Isaiah Chapter 60  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Isaiah 60
Isa 60:1

“Arise, shine; for your light has come and the glory of Yahweh has risen upon you.” The whole of Isaiah 60 is about the future restoration and glory of Israel. In the Millennial Kingdom when Christ rules the earth, Israel will be restored and will be the glory of the earth, in large part because Christ will rule the earth from Jerusalem and God’s Temple will be on Mount Zion. The “you” in Isaiah 60:1 is specifically Jerusalem, but then by extension all of Israel.

This opening verse, Isaiah 60:1 is the prophetic perfect idiom, speaking of a future event as if it were already a reality in order to emphasize the fact that it will happen and also, here in Isaiah, to communicate the feeling that it would happen soon (although we now know the coming of the Messiah would not be for another 700 years after Isaiah and his kingdom is still future after 2,700 years). More factually, the verse would read, “Arise, shine; for your light will come and the glory of Yahwah will rise upon you.” When God blesses Israel in the Millennial Kingdom, they are to rise and shine out the glory of Yahweh to the rest of the world.

[For more verses in Isaiah that speak of the Millennial Kingdom, see commentary on Isaiah 2:2. For more on Christ’s future kingdom on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

Isa 60:2

“gross darkness covers the peoples, but Yahweh will arise upon you.” The time that we humans have been living in since Adam and Eve sinned is called “this present evil age” (Gal. 1:4) and it is dark and evil. Furthermore, it will get very dark and dangerous as we approach the return of Christ (see commentary on Dan. 12:1). But when Christ comes back and fights the Battle of Armageddon (Isa. 63:1-6; Rev. 14:14-20; 19:11-21), he will conquer the earth and set up his kingdom on it. At that time there will be righteousness, peace, and prosperity that the world has never experienced before. [For more on Christ’s Millennial Kingdom, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on earth”].

“his glory will shine upon you.” Taken most literally, the glory of Yahweh is the brilliant cloud of light surrounding Yahweh, so if the glory of Yahweh has shined upon people, they are in the presence of Yahweh and can see His glory. However, that the glory of Yahweh would shine on people can be more expansive and mean that Yahweh will bless the people. Also, although the Hebrew text places the verb “shine” in the past tense (qal perfect), the context indicates that it is the prophetic perfect idiom for “will shine upon you.” Also, the Hebrew word translated “shined” can also mean “risen,” in the sense that when the sun rises, it shines; and that is why some English versions say “has risen” while other versions use the word “shine.” Here in Isaiah 60:2 we see that “Yahweh” and the glory of Yahweh are used interchangeably because Yahweh is surrounded by brilliant light, which is His glory, so where the glory of Yahweh is, He is too. [For more on the glory of God, see commentary on Ezekiel 1:28. For more on the prophetic perfect idiom, see commentary on Eph. 2:6].

Isa 60:3(top)
Isa 60:4(top)
Isa 60:5(top)
Isa 60:6(top)
Isa 60:7

“the house of my glory.” The “the house of my glory” is the Temple that will exist in the Millennial Kingdom when Christ rules the earth, and that temple is described in Ezekiel 40-43. [For more on there being a Temple in the Millennial Kingdom, see commentary on Ezek. 40:5. For more on the Millennial Kingdom, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

Isa 60:8(top)
Isa 60:9(top)
Isa 60:10(top)
Isa 60:11(top)
Isa 60:12(top)
Isa 60:13

“fir tree, the pine, and the cypress.” The exact species of these trees are debated and the English translations vary greatly (cp. Isa. 60:13).

Isa 60:14

“bow down.” The common biblical way of bowing down before people or God was to fall to one’s knees and bow the upper body to the earth. It is the same Hebrew word as “worship.” [For more on bowing down, see commentary on 1 Chron. 29:20].

Isa 60:15(top)
Isa 60:16(top)
Isa 60:17(top)
Isa 60:18(top)
Isa 60:19(top)
Isa 60:20(top)
Isa 60:21(top)
Isa 60:22(top)

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