Isaiah Chapter 34  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Isaiah 34
Isa 34:1

“And everything that comes from it.” This refers to everything the earth produces. Isaiah 34 transports us into the distant future and the Day of Yahweh (“the Day of the LORD”). Isaiah says that God’s judgment is going to come upon the entire earth, something we see very clearly in the Book of Revelation, and so everything on earth had a vested interest in hearing what God had to say. The Day of Yahweh will be a time of horrific destruction, as many prophecies state (see commentary on Dan. 12:1).

Isa 34:2

“He will devote...He will give.” The Hebrew text uses the prophetic idiom, putting the verb in the past tense to magnify the certainty of what God will do. So literally the text says that God has destroyed...He has given, but the event is in the future. [For more on the prophetic perfect, see commentary on Eph. 2:6]. To “devote to destruction” is to totally destroy. [For more on things “devoted” to Yahweh and devoted to destruction, see commentary on Josh. 6:17].

There is coming in the future a time of great tribulation upon the earth in which most of the people of earth will be killed (see commentary on Isa. 13:9).

Isa 34:3

“will melt away by their blood.” The picture being painted is that there will be so much killing during the Day of the LORD that the blood will flow in rivers down the mountains and wash away the dirt in the same way that a huge rainstorm that lasts for days can wash huge areas of dirt and debris down the mountains. This is a difficult concept, and so many of the English versions nuance the text to read like, “the mountains will flow with blood,” or “the mountains will be drenched with blood.” But the actual Hebrew text is more graphic by being hyperbolic: that there will be so much blood flowing down the mountains that they will wash away. Revelation 14:20 says the blood flowing from the Battle of Armageddon will flow for about 180 miles. Jeremiah 7:32 says that there will be so many dead bodies people will be forced to bury them in the unclean valley of the Son of Hinnom, the Gehenna.

Isa 34:4(top)
Isa 34:5

“will drink.” This is the prophetic perfect like Isaiah 34:2 (see commentary on Isa. 34:2).

Isa 34:6(top)
Isa 34:7(top)
Isa 34:8(top)
Isa 34:9

“Its streams.” That is, the streams in Edom (cp. Isa. 34:5).

Isa 34:10(top)
Isa 34:11(top)
Isa 34:12(top)
Isa 34:13(top)
Isa 34:14(top)
Isa 34:15(top)
Isa 34:16(top)
Isa 34:17

“has cast the lot for them.” “Lots” (like dice) were cast to make decisions. In the case of Israel, the High Priest wore a garment with a pocket over the breast and stones were pulled from it to get the decision of Yahweh. In this case, Yahweh Himself is portrayed as casting the lots for the birds as if they cannot do it for themselves (the exact manner God cast the lots is not described and is assumed unimportant). The “them” is feminine and agrees with the birds (the kites) of Isaiah 34:15. In the next line God gives the birds a portion by dividing it with a measuring line. The point God is making is that He has divided up the country of Edom and given it to the wild animals and birds.


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