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Go to Bible: Hosea 3
|Hos 3:1||- (top)|
|Hos 3:2||- (top)|
|Hos 3:3||- (top)|
“For the children of Israel are going to remain many days without a king.” Hosea was one of the prophets who foretold the destruction of the Kingdom of Israel (Hos. 1:4), which came to pass in 722 BC at the hands of the Assyrians (2 Kings 17:6). Then, “afterward,” the children of Israel would return to Israel, which will happen when Jesus comes from heaven, conquers the earth, and regathers the people of Israel. From 722 BC even until now the Kingdom of Israel consisting of the ten northern tribes of Israel, has not existed. So, true to the prophecy, it has had no king, no sacrifice, no standing-stones, and no ephod or idol; it has been gone as a kingdom. [For more on the ten lost tribes of Israel being regathered in the Millennial Kingdom, see commentary on Jer. 32:37. For more on the future reign of Christ on earth, see Appendix 3, Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].
“teraphim.” Teraphim were household gods (see commentary on Gen. 31:19).
“without a standing-stone.” In this case, the standing stone is similar to the idols in the verse; they were representative of the idol gods Israel worshiped in defiance of God’s command. [For more on standing-stones, see commentary on Gen. 28:18. For more on idols being harmful, see commentary on Deuteronomy 7:5].(top)
“return.” That is, return to the land of Israel (see commentary on Jer. 32:37).
“David.” Here in Hosea 3:5, the Messiah is called “David.” This is the figure of speech antonomasia, “name change,” where a person is called by a name other than his or her own name in order to import characteristics from the other person. The Messiah is called “David” in Ezekiel 34:23, 24; 37:24, 25, as well as Jeremiah 30:9 and here in Hosea 3:5. [For a more complete explanation of the Messiah being called “David,” see commentary on Ezekiel 34:23].(top)