Hosea Chapter 13  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Hosea 13
 
Hos 13:1

“when he became guilty through Baal, he died.” There is a lot about this verse that is uncertain, for example, does “Ephraim” refer to the one tribe here in Hosea, or does it refer to the kingdom of Israel, as it often does? Also, the reference to Ephraim becoming guilty through Baal, does that refer to a specific event, or is it a sweeping generalization about the trouble Ephraim got into due to worshipping Baal? This seems to be more of a widely sweeping statement than a reference to any single event, and it makes the general point that when people abandoned Yahweh they brought trouble on themselves.

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Hos 13:2(top)
Hos 13:3

“they will be like the morning mist.” These four metaphors all make the same point, and reinforce each other: idolators will have a short existence. The metaphors are all more weighty than they might at first appear, however. Many idolators live long lives and are powerful people with accumulated wealth, but they will all be gone one day, with no trace of them left. The morning mist and dew are heavy enough to water and refresh the land, but soon they are gone. Similarly, the chaff on the threshing floor can pile up and be substantial, but when the storms come it blows away and is gone. Smoke from a cooking-fire in the house may be thick and problematic, but eventually it goes out the window.

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Hos 13:4(top)
Hos 13:5(top)
Hos 13:6(top)
Hos 13:7(top)
Hos 13:8(top)
Hos 13:9(top)
Hos 13:10(top)
Hos 13:11(top)
Hos 13:12(top)
Hos 13:13(top)
Hos 13:14

“I will redeem them from death.” Contrary to popular Christian opinion, people do not die and go to heaven or “hell.” People die and are in the ground awaiting the resurrection and Day of Judgment, and those are still future. The Old Testament has a number of verses about God raising the dead (cp. Deut. 32:39; Job. 19:25-27; Ps. 71:20; Isa. 26:19; 66:14; Ezek. 37:12-14; Dan. 12:2, 13; and Hos. 13:14). The New Testament does also (cp. Matt. 12:42; Luke 11:31; 14:14; John 5:28-29; Acts 24:15; 1 Cor. 15:20-22, 42-49, 52; 1 Thess. 4:17; Rev. 20:4-13). [For more on people dying and being dead in the ground, see Appendix 4, “The Dead are Dead”].

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Hos 13:15(top)
Hos 13:16(top)
  

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