Hosea Chapter 11  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Hosea 11
Hos 11:1

“and called my son out of Egypt.” This phrase is quoted in Matthew 2:15. God’s children, Israel, were called out of Egypt at the Exodus, and they were a type of Christ who was called out of Egypt.

Hos 11:2

“they called.” “They called” is the reading of the Hebrew text; God called Israel through His prophets. The Septuagint and the Syriac read “I called,” and some modern versions follow that alternate reading. It is hard to know which is original, but since Hosea 11:1 reads “I,” changing the “I” to “they” in Hosea 11:2 is more difficult and therefore more likely original. The prophets were consistently attempting to call Israel back to God, but without success. Israel went further and further away from God until they were finally conquered by Assyria and deported from the land of Israel (cp. 2 Kings 17:6-23).

Hos 11:3(top)
Hos 11:4(top)
Hos 11:5(top)
Hos 11:6

“bars.” The “bars” were strong wooden beams that were placed behind the doors of the gate so they could not be opened and could withstand pounding from the outside without giving way. Those bars were the origin of the shout “Bar the doors!” when an enemy would approach.

Hos 11:7(top)
Hos 11:8

“How can I make you like Admah...Zeboiim.” Admah and Zeboiim were two cities close to Sodom and Gomorrah which were destroyed along with Sodom and Gomorrah (cp. Deut. 29:23).

Hos 11:9(top)
Hos 11:10(top)
Hos 11:11(top)
Hos 11:12

“And Judah is unruly against God.” The last sentences in Hosea 11:12 have been taken in totally different directions by the translators: that Judah is faithful to God (cp. CJB; ESV; NET; NLT), or that Judah is not faithful to God (cp. JPS; NASB; NIV). The historic evidence from Hosea and the historic books of the Bible is that Judah was not faithful to God. Although many translators have been influenced by Hosea 1:7, that verse does not say Judah was faithful to God, only that God would rescue Judah, which He did when the Assyrians attacked. But Judah is shown to be unfaithful to God in Hosea (cp. Hos. 5:12-13; 6:4, 10-11; 8:14; 10:11; 12:2), so it would be incongruous for Hosea 11:12 to suddenly say Judah had been faithful. The translation of Hosea by Francis Andersen and David Noel Freedman in The Anchor Bible: Hosea, sees the text as saying Judah is faithful, but not to God. Their translation reads “Judah still wanders with the holy gods. He is faithful to the holy gods.” In other words, Judah is faithful to idol gods, not God.


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