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Go to Bible: Hosea 10
“fertile.” The Hebrew word describes abundant growth and much fruit.
“standing stones.” Most standing-stones were set up as part of the worship of pagan gods, and that is the context here. God has no tolerance for idols. They are harmful in many different ways, and God commanded that they be destroyed.
[For more on standing-stones, see commentary on Gen. 28:18. For more on idols being harmful, see commentary on Deuteronomy 7:5].(top)
|Hos 10:2||- (top)|
|Hos 10:3||- (top)|
|Hos 10:4||- (top)|
“Beth Aven.” “Beth Aven” means “House of Wickedness,” and was a derogatory term the prophet used for the town of Bethel (Beth-el), which means “House of God,” but which had the golden calf idol that Jeroboam had made. See commentary on Hosea 4:15.
“it will be taken from them into exile.” It was a common custom for a conquering nation to take back home with them the gods of the defeated nation, as we see here in Hosea 10:5 (cp. Isa. 46:1-2; Jer. 48:7; 49:3; Dan. 11:8), and this was especially true if they were made of valuable metals. When Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon conquered Judah, he took away the Temple vessels, because they were valuable but also because there wasn’t any god in the Temple to take away to show that the God of Judah had been defeated (2 Kings 24:13; 25:13-15; 2 Chron. 36:7, 18). When the Assyrian’s conquered Israel, they took the golden calves of Israel back to Assyria with them.
The literal Hebrew is that the calf “had been taken from them,” using the prophetic perfect idiom to express a future certainty. [For more on the prophetic perfect, see commentary on Eph. 2:6].(top)
|Hos 10:6||- (top)|
|Hos 10:7||- (top)|
“shrines.” The Hebrew word “shrines” is bamot, which referred to a place that was leveled and built up and on which were placed various idols and objects of worship. Many of the towns had such shrines (see commentary on Num. 33:52).(top)
“you have sinned from the days of Gibeah.” The “days of Gibeah” seem to be the days when the men of Gibeah wanted to assault a Levite traveling through their town and ended up raping a woman to death (Judg. 19-21; see commentary on Hos. 9:9).(top)
“are bound up.” Like prisoners.
“for their two transgressions.” What the transgressions are is not clear. Some translations suggest “double transgressions.”(top)
|Hos 10:11||- (top)|
“in righteousness.” In this context, “righteousness” is doing what is right to God and others (see commentary on Matt. 5:6). God is telling the people to live in a just and godly way towards God and others.(top)
|Hos 10:13||- (top)|
|Hos 10:14||- (top)|
“At daybreak the king of Israel will be destroyed.” Armies typically started battles at daybreak, and that seems to be alluded to here, but this time God will not deliver Israel, the king of Israel will be destroyed. It is not mentioned who the king is. It could be Hoshea the last king of Israel, but that is uncertain.(top)