Haggai Chapter 2  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Haggai 2
Hag 2:1(top)
Hag 2:2

“Joshua.” The High Priest (see commentary on Zechariah 3:1, “Joshua”).

Hag 2:3

“this house.” The temple was often called “the house of God” or simply the “house,” as it is here.

“in its former glory.” That is, before it was burned to the ground by Nebuchadnezzar, and all the temple vessels, such as the bronze sea, bronze pillars, etc., were carried off to Babylon (2 Kings 25:8-15). The Babylonian captivity was 70 years, so although there were some people in the audience who had seen the temple when they were small children, they would be very old at the time of Haggai.

Hag 2:4

“Joshua.” The High Priest (see commentary on Zechariah 3:1, “Joshua”).

Hag 2:5(top)
Hag 2:6

“the heavens and…and…and the dry land.” The repetition of “and” before every point is the figure polysyndeton. The “and” before each word emphasizes each point.

Hag 2:7

“The desired of all nations will come.” The desired of the nations is the Messiah. Haggai does not say or imply that the coming of the Messiah will be in two stages, a first coming in which he is killed and a second coming in which he conquers the earth and sets up his kingdom. The Book of Haggai focuses on the Tribulation, which is the major subject of the book of Revelation, and Christ’s second coming at which time he will conquer the earth and set up his kingdom on earth.

[For more on Christ setting up a kingdom on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

“and I will fill this house with glory.” When Jesus comes and conquers the earth and sets up his kingdom, he will build the Temple and it will be filled with glory due to the presence of God. What Haggai did not mention was that the temple that was being rebuilt in his time would be destroyed (which it was in 70 AD), but when Jesus came back he would build another temple (see commentary on Ezek. 40:5). Haggai says that “this house” (this Temple) will be filled with glory because even though the Temple will be new, it will be built on the same place as the Temple that Haggai and those with him were looking at, it will be built on top of Mount Zion. Some scholars do not believe there will be a Millennial Temple, and that references to it refer to the Church, but in saying “I will fill THIS HOUSE with glory,” Haggai makes it clear that there will be a literal Millennial Temple, and that Temple is described in Ezekiel 40-48, which speak of things that will happen in the Millennial Kingdom.

Hag 2:8

“The silver is mine, and the gold is mine.” The people were poor and Zerubbabel’s temple was nothing spectacular, so the people could easily wonder how the future temple could be filled with glory. But God makes it clear that the silver and gold is His, and so the glory of the future temple will be greater than “former” temple, Solomon’s temple, as Haggai 2:9 says.

Hag 2:9

“The latter glory of this house.” The context indicates that this “latter glory” will occur in the Millennial Kingdom and refers to the Millennial Temple described in Ezekiel 40-47. Because of the sin of the leaders and people, the glory left the Temple and Jerusalem (cp. Ezek. 11:23 and commentary on Ezek. 11:23). It will not return until the Millennial Temple described in Ezekiel 40-47 (cp. Ezek. 43:2-5; 44:4). [For more on the Millenial Kingdom, Christ’s 1,000-year reign on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

“this house.” The Temple was referred to as “the house,” i.e., the house of God.

“The former.” The former “house” was Solomon’s temple.

“prosperity.” The standard rendering of the Hebrew word shalom is “peace,” but it means much more than that; it means peace, wellbeing, wholeness, prosperity. Especially in a context like this, “peace” is too limited. God is promising that in the future Jerusalem there will be shalom, prosperity, wellbeing. Of course this could only happen in a time of peace, so peace is certainly included. There are many prophecies of the prosperity and well-being in the future earthly kingdom of Christ. The NRSV and Rotherham's Emphasized Bible also say “prosperity.”

Hag 2:10(top)
Hag 2:11(top)
Hag 2:12(top)
Hag 2:13(top)
Hag 2:14(top)
Hag 2:15(top)
Hag 2:16(top)
Hag 2:17(top)
Hag 2:18(top)
Hag 2:19(top)
Hag 2:20(top)
Hag 2:21(top)
Hag 2:22(top)
Hag 2:23(top)

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