Ezekiel Chapter 47  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Ezekiel 47
Eze 47:1

“water was flowing out from under the threshold of the house toward the east.” Ezekiel describes the river that flows from the Temple to the east and down to the Dead Sea. For some reason it does not mention the river that flows from the Temple towards the west and into the Mediterranean Sea; that river is mentioned in Zechariah 14:8. This river is also mentioned in Joel 3:18. Joel says the river flows through the Valley of Acacia Trees. Although we cannot identify that exact valley by that name, from its name as the Valley of Acacias we know it is a valley that leads down to the Arabah, the dry area just west of the Dead Sea.

“the right side.” That is the south side; the biblical world was oriented looking east, so south is to the right. Ezekiel 47:1 uses different words here for “right side” and “south” in the same sentence

“house.” The house, house of God, is the Temple.

“south of the altar.” The healing water flowed out from the south side of the Temple threshold, then flowed eastward south of the altar, then flowed to the wall of the Temple just south of the east gate (Ezekiel 47:2). As it left the Temple it was just a trickle.

Eze 47:2

“right side.” That is, the south side, in this case from the context it is the south side of the gate, the wall just south of the gate, and the flow was still at this point just a trickle. The biblical custom was to face east, so the right side was the south side.

Eze 47:3

“the man went out eastward.” Today the Mount of Olives is directly east of the Temple in Jerusalem and so water could not flow directly east from the Temple Mount. Today, water from the Temple Mount would flow down from the Temple Mount into the Kidron Valley then flow to the south and through the Judean Wilderness and eventually flow into the Dead Sea. However, when Christ conquers the earth the Mount of Olives will split, with part moving north and part moving south and opening a valley from the Temple to the east so water will be able to flow in a much more direct path from the Temple Mount into the Dead Sea.

Eze 47:4

“water that was to the waist.” So it took about a mile (1.6 km) for the water from the Temple to be waist deep.

Eze 47:5(top)
Eze 47:6(top)
Eze 47:7(top)
Eze 47:8

“the sea.” The sea in this verse is what we today call the Dead Sea.

Eze 47:9(top)
Eze 47:10

“Great Sea.” The common Old Testament name for the Mediterranean Sea. Although this river is flowing from Jerusalem to the Dead Sea, it will have many varieties of fish like the Mediterranean Sea does.

“En-gedi.” “En-gedi” means “spring of the wild goat” and it is not quite halfway down the west side of the Dead Sea.

“En-eglaim.” “En-eglaim” means “spring of the calf (or heifer)” and its location is not known. There is a site several miles south of Qumran that might be the location.

Eze 47:11(top)
Eze 47:12(top)
Eze 47:13

“This will be the border.” The subject now switches from the river flowing from Jerusalem to the borders of the Promised Land in the Millennial Kingdom. It would have been helpful if the people who originally added chapters to the Bible made this a new chapter, including from Ezekiel 47:13 through chapter 48, which deals with land areas.

[For more on Christ’s future kingdom on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth].

Eze 47:14

“lifted up my hand.” One way a person swore a solemn oath was to raise his hand and swear. See commentary on Genesis 14:22.

“to give it to your fathers.” God promised the land of Israel to the fathers of Israel. God told Abraham that he and his descendants would get the land (Gen. 12:7; 13:15-17; 15:7, 18; 17:8). Then God said the same thing to Isaac (Gen. 26:3), to Jacob: (Gen. 28:13; 35:12; 48:4), and to the tribes of Israel many times: (cp. Exod. 6:4, 8; 12:25; 13:5, 11; Lev. 14:34; 20:24; 23:10; 25:2). The reason that Israel is called “the Promised Land” is because God promised it.

“fall to you.” An idiomatic phrase meaning “be yours.” The idiom came from the tradition of giving land by lot, that is, by casting stones or “lots” in some way. Thus the land would “fall” to the person. We still speak of dice “falling” for or against us.

Eze 47:15

“the Great Sea.” The common Old Testament name of the Mediterranean Sea.

“by the way of Hethlon.” This could also be translated, “by the Hethlon road” (cp. NIV.) The word “way” is “road.”

Eze 47:16(top)
Eze 47:17(top)
Eze 47:18

“eastern sea.” This is the Dead Sea.

Eze 47:19

And the south side toward the south.” This could also be understood as “On the side of the Negev toward the south.” The “Negev” (the word also means “south”) is the geographical designation of the arid region in the south of Israel, including the area of Beer-sheba (cp. CJB).

“the Great Sea.” The common Old Testament name of the Mediterranean Sea.

Eze 47:20(top)
Eze 47:21

“according to the tribes of Israel.” This quick summary is explained in detail in the next chapter. There will be 12 tribal areas, because the tribe of “Joseph,” one of the 12 sons of Jacob, had two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, and each of them will get a tribal area equal to the land area the other tribes get, and Levi will not get a land area like the other tribes but will have a holy area north of the Temple (Ezek. 48:13-14).

Eze 47:22(top)
Eze 47:23(top)

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