Ezekiel Chapter 40  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Ezekiel 40
 
Eze 40:1

“25th year of our captivity.” Ezekiel 38 and 39 are one vision, and Ezekiel 40:1 starts another. All of the dates like this one in Ezekiel—“In the 25th year of our captivity, in the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, in the 14th year after the city was struck down”—are reckoned from the captivity of Jerusalem when King Jehoiachin was taken captive in 597 BC (2 Kings 24:8-17). This date in Ezekiel 40:1 would be 573 BC. When Nebuchadnezzar conquered Judah during the reign of Jehoiakim (2 Kings 24:1; 2 Chron. 36:5-8) he took “some” of the articles of Yahweh’s Temple to Babylon (2 Chron. 36:7; Dan. 1:2). But when he conquered Judah again after Jehoiakim’s rebellion and installed Jehoiachin, he took “all” Yahweh’s treasures to Babylon (2 Kings 24:13; 2 Chron. 36:10).

“captivity.” The Hebrew can also be translated “exile.” This was the captivity of Judah, when the people were taken captive to Babylon.

“after the city was struck down.” That is, after Nebuchadnezzar’s army destroyed Jerusalem and burned it.

“and he brought me there.” That is, Ezekiel was brought to the land of Israel in his vision. He could see Jerusalem (Ezek. 40:2), but he was brought to the Temple, which was north of the city of Jerusalem.

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Eze 40:2

“a very high mountain.” This mountain is Mount Zion, where Jerusalem and the Temple will be during the Millennial Kingdom. Mount Zion will indeed be a very high mountain during the Millennial Kingdom. It will be lifted up to be the highest mountain, while other mountains will be lowered in size (cp. Isa. 2:2; Micah 4:1; Zech. 14:10).

“like a city.” We can see why Ezekiel would look at the Millennial Jerusalem and say it was “like a city.” This new Jerusalem will be a city, but unlike any Ezekiel had ever seen for beauty and brilliance.

“on the south.” In the Millennial Kingdom, the Temple will be on the top of Mount Zion and the New Jerusalem will be on the south side of the mountain. That places Jerusalem, where Christ’s kingly throne will be, on the right hand of the Temple where God will live. This fulfills the prophecy in Psalm 110:1 that the king will be on the “right hand” of God. According to biblical custom, compass directions were oriented to the east, and the Temple looked east, so Christ’s throne was “on the right hand” of God.

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Eze 40:3

“there was a man.” In the early chapters of Ezekiel, there is a supernatural “man” who is actually Yahweh (Ezek. 8:2). However, this “man” is not Yahweh but a supernatural being, most likely an angel. However, God Himself reenters the scene in the form of a man in Ezekiel 43:2 and takes Ezekiel into the inner court of the Temple (Ezek. 43:5) and begins to speak with Ezekiel (Ezek. 43:6).

“and he stood in the gate.” That is, the gate of the Millennial Temple. The opening of Ezekiel 40 can be confusing, and so the reader must pay close attention. Ezekiel was in captivity in Babylon when God took him in a vision to Israel. He saw the New Jerusalem on the south side of Mount Zion, but the angel was in the gate of the Temple, north of Jerusalem.

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Eze 40:4(top)
Eze 40:5

“a wall on the outside of the house of God.” The angel took Ezekiel north of the Millennial Jerusalem to the Temple, which was higher up on Mount Zion (on the top of Mount Zion). The Hebrew text, using common language, simply calls the Temple, “the house,” but that could easily be misunderstood by the modern reader. Many versions simply change “house” to “Temple,” but that loses some of the meaning, and also obscures verses such as Acts 2:2, where the Temple of God is called “the house.” Our solution was to put “of God” in italics.

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Eze 40:6(top)
Eze 40:7(top)
Eze 40:8(top)
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Eze 40:10(top)
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Eze 40:38(top)
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Eze 40:48(top)
Eze 40:49(top)
  

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