Ezekiel Chapter 34  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Ezekiel 34
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Eze 34:13

“and will bring them into their own land.” There are many verses that prophesy Israel’s return to the land of Israel, the Promised Land. Although Israel did return from Babylon, this prophecy will not be fully fulfilled until in the Millennial Kingdom, as is clear from the context. [For more information on Israel’s return to the Promised Land, see commentary on Jeremiah 32:37].

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Eze 34:23

“David.” Here in Ezekiel 34:23, the Messiah is called “David.” This is the figure of speech antonomasia, “name change,” where a person is called by a name other than his or her own name in order to import characteristics from the other person. Here the Messiah, Jesus Christ, is called “David” because the reign of David, especially early on, was a glorious time in Israel, and David was a man after God’s own heart. Thus the literal David was a type of the “David” to come, Jesus Christ, who will save people from their sins and reign over a glorious kingdom. The Messiah is called “David” in Ezekiel 34:23, 24; 37:24, 25, as well as Jeremiah 30:9 and Hosea 3:5. Other examples of antonomasia in the Bible include John the Baptist being called “Elijah” (Mal. 4:5), and Jehu being called “Zimri” (2 Kings 9:31).

We can tell that the name “David” actually refers to the Messiah from the context, which is about the glory of Jesus’s coming kingdom on earth, when Jesus will rule the earth, God will judge evil people, God’s people will no longer be the prey of the strong and ruthless but will be properly shepherded and fed, God will be their God, there will be a new covenant, evil animals will cease and people will be safe and secure, and the weather will be a blessing so crops will grow abundantly (Ezek. 34:25ff).

[For more information on antonomasia, see commentary on Matthew 17:10. For more information on Jesus’ future rule on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth”].

Eze 34:24

“David.” The Messiah is called “David” by the figure of speech antonomasia (“name change”). See commentary on Ezekiel 34:23.

“prince.” The Hebrew word translated “prince” is nasi (#05387 נָשִׂא or spelled נָשִׂיא nasiy). The root meaning refers to being lifted up, and thus it can mean prince, leader, chief, captain, etc. It can also refer to a rising mist or vapor. In this context or in other contexts in which it refers to the Messiah, “prince” is a good translation because God is the king and the Messiah is his only son and rules under Him and with His authority. As the ruler present and available on earth, the Messiah is the de facto king, and is called the king in Ezekiel 37:24.

Eze 34:25

“and I will cause evil animals to cease out of the land.” When Christ conquers the earth and reigns as king, the earth will be restored to an Edenic state and animal nature will revert to the wonderful way it was before Adam and Eve sinned. There will not be any more harmful animals on earth (cp. Isa. 11:6-9).

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