Ezekiel Chapter 28  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Ezekiel 28
 
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Eze 28:11(top)
Eze 28:12

“the king of Tyre.” The “king of Tyre” is Satan, the Devil. Although this is denied by many scholars, many godly scholars agree that the “king of Tyre” refers to Satan. In his marginal note on Ezekiel 28:12 in The Companion Bible, E. W. Bullinger wrote: “Here we have a supernatural being addressed: he of whom the ‘prince of Tyre’ was only a type; he who was using that ‘prince’ as one of his agents to secure the world-power. He is not a mere ‘man’ as [was] ‘the prince of Tyre.’ His description is superterrestrial, and superhuman, and can refer to no other than Satan himself.”

The text note in The Holy Bible: Pilgrim Edition (Oxford University Press, 1948) reads, “once more the agent king is used as a symbol for a greater personality. From verses 12 to 17, the language is such as to be applicable only to Satan, the arch enemy of God. Together with Isaiah 14:12, describing the fall of Lucifer from Heaven, it forms one of the most important revelations in Scripture regarding the origin and fall of Satan. God did not create a devil. He created a cherub…and placed that cherub in a place of great importance in the Kingdom of God. The description of this cherub is such as to indicate that he was the highest of all created beings, although in no sense the equal of God. When this high being sinned, he became Satan, the final example of the corrupting power of sin. The final doom of Satan is foretold in Rev. 20:10.”

J. Vernon McGee wrote, “in back of the king of Tyre is Satan. Ezekiel 28 is one of the few passages in the Word of God gives us the origin of the devil and of evil” (Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee, Vol. III, Proverbs-Malachi, Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville. 1982).

Many scholars recognize that Ezekiel 28:11-19 is about Satan but see him as being portrayed through the arrogant King of Tyre. So, for example, The Scofield Study Bible (English Standard Version; Oxford University Press, New York, 2006) has the following note: “Here in vv. 11-17, the language goes beyond the king of Tyre to Satan, inspirer and unseen ruler of all such pomp and pride as that of Tyre. …The unfallen state of Satan is here described; his fall is written in Isaiah 14. …Moreover, the vision is not of Satan in his own person, but of Satan fulfilling himself through an earthly king who arrogates to himself divine honors so that the prince of Tyre foreshadows the beast (Dan. 7:8; Rev. 19:20).

There is every reason to see Satan as the one being written about here, and he is the real King of Tyre. As has been stated, the description of the King here in Ezekiel 28 fits Satan exactly. “You were the seal of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty” (Ezek. 28:12). “You were in Eden, the garden of God…you were created” (Ezek. 28:13; the human King of Tyre was born, not created). “You were the anointed guardian cherub, and I placed you there. You were on the holy mountain of God” (Ezek. 28:14). “You were blameless in your ways from the day that you were created until unrighteousness was found in you” (Ezek. 28:15).

God created Satan as a beautiful cherub, but he became lifted up with pride and rebelled against God. But he was cast from his position of authority on God’s holy mountain, and now is an example of how pride goes before destruction.

While it is true that the majority of the people of Ezekiel’s time, and for some time after, did not understand enough about Satan to apply this revelation to him, God’s purpose in writing this was primarily to Jesus Christ and those who would come after him. Jesus knew a lot about Satan, and in large part that was because the Bible was his guide into many of the spiritual realities that he dealt with. Jesus would have seen that this revelation in Ezekiel 28:12-19 was about his arch-enemy, the one who tempted him in the wilderness and tried to turn him against God, and would have had many insights about Satan because of this section in Ezekiel.

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Eze 28:13(top)
Eze 28:14

“the anointed guardian cherub.” Although the meaning of this phrase is debated by scholars, the Hebrew word translated as “guardian” occurs in Exodus 25:20 in reference to the cherubim “covering” the ark which likely included “covering” in the sense of protecting. A number of modern translations have “guardian” or a related concept (cp. CEB; CSB; ESV; NET; NIV; NLT; NRSV).

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Eze 28:15(top)
Eze 28:16(top)
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Eze 28:18

“therefore I will bring a fire out of the midst of you.” In the Hebrew text, this passage is written in the past tense for emphasis, to bring out the fact that this “king’s” future destruction is certain. Writing about a future event as if it had already happened is a Semitic idiom and is referred to as the “prophetic perfect” idiom (see commentary on Eph. 2:6). A more literal translation of the Hebrew is: “therefore I have brought forth a fire from the midst of you; it has devoured you, and I have turned you to ashes on the earth.” Worded literally that way, the text is confusing to most people because the events being referred to are future to Ezekiel (and to some extent are still future to us today). The CEB translation gets the sense of the text well: “Therefore, I will bring fire from your midst. When it has consumed you, I will turn you into dust on the earth in the sight of all who see you.”

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Eze 28:19(top)
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Eze 28:21(top)
Eze 28:22(top)
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Eze 28:25

“When I have gathered the house of Israel.” There are many verses that prophesy Israel’s return to the land of Israel. Although Israel did return from Babylon, this prophecy will not be fully fulfilled until in the Millennial Kingdom, as is clear from the context. [For more information on Israel’s return to the Promised Land, see commentary on Jeremiah 32:37].

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Eze 28:26(top)
  

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