Ezekiel Chapter 18  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Ezekiel 18
 
Eze 18:1(top)
Eze 18:2(top)
Eze 18:3(top)
Eze 18:4

“soul.” In this verse, “soul” has the common meaning of a “person.” The verse is saying, “Behold, every person is mine; the people who are fathers as well as the people who are sons, and the person who sins will die.” [For more on the use of nephesh, “soul,” see Appendix 7, “Usages of ‘Soul’”].

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Eze 18:5(top)
Eze 18:6

“has not eaten on the mountains.” There were shrines and altars to pagan gods on the mountains, and sacrifices to the pagan gods were made there (cp. Deut. 12:2; 1 Kings 14:23; 2 Kings 16:4; 2 Kings 17:10; 2 Chron. 28:4; Jer. 3:6; Hos. 4:13). When a sacrifice was made on the altar it was customary to have a community meal for the worshippers gathered there.

It was also common that one of the goddesses that was worshipped on the hills was Asherah, the female consort of the god Baal, and she was worshipped in part by sacred prostitution. So although “eaten” in Ezekiel 18:6 does not have the primary meaning of enjoying sexual pleasure, it was likely included as a sub-theme of “eaten” here (see commentary on Jeremiah 3:6). Sex was often spoken of euphemistically as eating (Prov. 9:17; 30:20; Song of Sol. 2:3; 4:16; 5:1).

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Eze 18:7(top)
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Eze 18:9(top)
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Eze 18:17(top)
Eze 18:18(top)
Eze 18:19(top)
Eze 18:20

This verse says the son will not share the guilt of the father, nor the father for the guilt of the son. But in Exodus 20:5 and Numbers 14:18, the sins of the fathers are visited on the children. In Ezekiel God is telling us that a child is not “accountable” or “liable” for the sins of the father. Whereas the Generational Curse that God speaks of in Exodus 20:5 and Numbers 14:18 is referring to the “consequences” of the sin. The child is not liable for the sin but they still suffer the effects of the sin. For instance, if my dad was an alcoholic I am not held accountable to God for my Father’s sin, but I still feel the effects of his alcoholism.

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Eze 18:21(top)
Eze 18:22(top)
Eze 18:23(top)
Eze 18:24

“righteous.” In this context, “righteous” means doing what is right to God and others, it does not mean “saved” (see commentary on Matt. 5:6).

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Eze 18:25(top)
Eze 18:26(top)
Eze 18:27(top)
Eze 18:28(top)
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Eze 18:30(top)
Eze 18:31(top)
Eze 18:32(top)
  

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