Ezekiel Chapter 41  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Ezekiel 41
Eze 41:1

“Then he brought me.” The angel is continuing his tour of the Millennial Temple. He started showing Ezekiel the Temple in Ezekiel 40:48, and this is a continuation of that part of the tour. It would have been easier for Bible students if Ezekiel 41:1 did not start a new chapter, but was marked as 40:50 and continued from there. Actually, the best move would to have made Ezekiel 40:48 be Ezekiel 41:1 and start the new chapter at that verse.

“the nave.” The nave, or main hall, is the Holy Place in the Temple, the main room in which are the menorah, the table with the Bread of the Presence, and the golden altar of incense.

“width of the jams.” The Masoretic Hebrew text reads “tent,” which does not make any sense in this context, which is about the jambs. Furthermore, the building was not just 6 cubits wide, but the jambs were. Many modern versions understand the subject to be the jambs (cp. CSB; ESV; NASB; NET; NIV; NJB; NLT; RSV; TNK). Even if we think that this may be referring back to Moses’ Tabernacle to make some kind of comparison, Moses’ Tabernacle was ten cubits wide, not six. The Septuagint reads “jambs,” and that almost certainly is how the original Hebrew text read also.

Eze 41:2

“the length of the Holy Place.” The Hebrew text just reads “its length,” but given the fact that the subject had just been the entrance, that wording is very confusing unless you are already familiar with the Temple structure. Most people are not that familiar with the Temple, so most versions add something that identifies what is being measured, as does the REV. The “Holy Place” is the outer room of the Temple where the menorah, the golden altar of incense, and the Bread of the Presence are. It is sometimes referred to as the “nave,” “outer sanctuary” or “main hall.”

Eze 41:3

“Then he went into the inner room.” Here the angel goes into the “inner room,” the Holy of Holies. Note that although he had been bringing Ezekiel along with him (cp. Ezek. 40:17, 24, 28, 32, 35, 48; 41:1), when he enters the Holy of Holies he leaves Ezekiel in the Holy Place. Ezekiel was a priest and so was entitled to go into the Holy Place, but he was not the High Priest and could not go into the Holy of Holies.

Eze 41:4

“before the outer temple.” The meaning of this phrase is not clear. It seems to be saying that from God’s position looking out, the Holy of Holies was before the outer rooms of the Temple.

“This is the Holy of Holies.” The Holy of Holies is the most inner and most holy room in the Temple, and it is where the Cherubim are and where God is said to dwell. This is the Millennial Temple, so there is no ark of the covenant in this Temple.

Eze 41:5(top)
Eze 41:6

“with 30 rooms in each story.” So there were 30 sets of rooms stacked three high, for a total of 90 rooms.

Eze 41:7

“And the side rooms surrounding the house got longer.” This description is hard to imagine. Admittedly, the Hebrew is somewhat obscure, but what seems to be portrayed is that up against the walls of the “house” (the Temple) are 30 sets of three-story rooms. Each set has three rooms, one on top of the other, and the rooms get longer as they go upward, that is, longer in the direction away from the Temple. Although many scholars see this as very unlikely and amend the text such that it does not say that, scholars that see the rooms widening as they go up, which is certainly what the text seems to say, either see the Temple begin to look like an upside-down pyramid or they say that the Temple building itself gets thinner at the top such that the wider rooms only serve to keep the look of the outside of the Temple as going straight up.

Eze 41:8

“It’s elevation.” The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain. Different scholars assign it different meanings, but given that it is in the context of a foundation, the elevation of the foundation seems a likely explanation. The King James Version reads like that also.

Eze 41:9

“side rooms of the house.” The side rooms of the Temple, the “house” is the Temple.

Eze 41:10(top)
Eze 41:11(top)
Eze 41:12

“And the building that was facing the separate area.” Ezekiel tells us about two things in this verse that have not been mentioned before, the “building” (Hebrew is binyan), and the “separate area.” About the “building,” Daniel Block writes: “Only the barest details concerning this nondescript edifice are given: (1) It was located west of the Temple building. (2) It was separated from the temple by a gizra, “restricted space.” (3) Its walls were 5 cubits thick (about 8.5 ft), like the side chambers. (4) The building was imposing for its size. Internally it measured 90 cubits long by 70 cubits wide (about 150 ft. by 120 ft.), which means that its external dimensions were 100 by 80 cubits, exceeding the area of the Temple itself! (NICOT, The Book of Ezekiel).

“the separate area on the west side of the Temple.” This is the first mention of this separate area just west of the Temple. The Bible does not describe its purpose, but it was between the Temple and the “building” mentioned here.

Eze 41:13

“So he measured the house.” Here we learn that the Temple proper including the vestibule, was 175 feet long (53.3 meters).

Eze 41:14

“also the width of the face of the house.” So the front of the Temple with its adjoining separate space was also 175 feet.

Eze 41:15(top)
Eze 41:16(top)
Eze 41:17(top)
Eze 41:18(top)
Eze 41:19(top)
Eze 41:20

“the nave.” The Holy Place, the larger room before the Holy of Holies.

Eze 41:21

“As for the nave, the doorposts were squared, and as for the front of the Holy of Holies.” Ezekiel is looking into the Temple. He describes the front of the nave, the Holy Place, and then looks inward to the front of the Holy of Holies, which had the same apperance as the front of the Holy Place.

Eze 41:22

“The “altar” in the Holy Place.” This description is confusing because in the Tabernacle and Solomon’s Temple, the “altar” in the Holy Place was the golden altar of incense (Exod. 30:1-10; 1 Chron. 6:49). However, this “altar” is correctly called a table later in the verse, and it is the wooden table on which the Bread of the Presence was placed weekly.

“three cubits high, and two cubits long; and two cubits wide.” The phrase, “two cubits wide” was dropped from the Masoretic Hebrew text in the process of copying, but is restored from the Septuagint.

“its base.” The Masoretic text reads “length,” but that would be the walls. The Septuagint has “base,” which is evidently correct.

Eze 41:23

“the nave.” The Holy Place; the room that had the menorah and the Bread of the Presence.

“the Holy of Holies.” The Hebrew reads “holy,” (there is no word for “place,” even though that appears in most versions) but that could be confused with the outer room of the Temple. This is referring to the Holy of Holies, and both it and the Holy Place, the outer room, had double doors.

Eze 41:24(top)
Eze 41:25

“carved.” The literal Hebrew is “made,” but they were made on the doors by carving.

Eze 41:26

“and the beams.” The Hebrew word translated “beams” in the REV is an architectural term that is not known, and interpretations vary widely. For example, “thresholds” (ASV); “beams” (CEB); “canopies” (CSB); “portals” (DBY); “planks” (KJV); “overhangs” (NIV); “porch roofs” (NJB); “vestibule” (RSV). and “lattices” (TNK).


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