Exodus Chapter 26  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Exodus 26
 
Exo 26:1

“you are to make the tabernacle.” Interestingly, the outer dimensions of the tabernacle are never given in the Bible. The measurements of Solomon’s Temple are given in 1 Kings 6:2 as 20 cubits wide by 60 cubits long, and that seems to be twice as big as the tabernacle, which would then be 10 cubits wide and 30 cubits long. Also, the sides of the tabernacle were to be made of 20 boards one and a half cubits wide, which would make the tabernacle itself 30 cubits long (Exod. 26:16-18). The west side of the tabernacle (the back side) was made of six boards one and a half cubits wide, which would seem to make the tabernacle 10 cubits wide (Exod. 26:22). However, there is some scholarly debate about that because it is not known exactly how the 20 boards were connected to one another—the Bible does not say.

The “cubit” used to make both Moses’ tabernacle and Solomon’s Temple seem to be the short cubit of about 18 inches (c. 45.7 cm).

[For more on the cubit, see commentary on 2 Chron. 3:3.]

“purple.” Purple dye was rare and very expensive (see commentary on 2 Chron. 3:14).

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Exo 26:2(top)
Exo 26:3(top)
Exo 26:4(top)
Exo 26:5(top)
Exo 26:6(top)
Exo 26:7(top)
Exo 26:8(top)
Exo 26:9

“into one set...into another set.” The Hebrew text is more literally, “by themselves,” that is, into one set by themselves, and the other six curtains into a set by themselves.

“in the front of the tent.” This is one of the verses that refers to the Tabernacle as a “tent.” At that time, tents had a pointed top to shed rain. Most of the drawings of the Tabernacle show it with a flat roof, which is largely due to trying to fit the covering of the Tabernacle onto it. But there is no compelling reason to believe the roof was flat, and since rain would have fallen on it, especially once Israel settled in the Promised Land, it is more reasonable to assume that this “tent” had a normal tent shape.

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Exo 26:10(top)
Exo 26:11(top)
Exo 26:12(top)
Exo 26:13(top)
Exo 26:14

“dugong.” A mammal quite like a manatee that lives in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba. See commentary on Exodus 25:5.

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Exo 26:15(top)
Exo 26:16

“The length of each borad is to be ten cubits.” Ten cubits is 15 feet (4.57 meters), which would make the Tabernacle quite an imposing structure. The average tent that people lived in would be barely high enough for a man to stand inside, and thus perhaps around six or seven feet or less (and the Israelites were not generally as tall as people in Western society are now). Although the Tabernacle was behind the white curtains of the courtyard, the people could still see the top of the Tabernacle standing out over that outer curtain.

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Exo 26:17(top)
Exo 26:18(top)
Exo 26:19(top)
Exo 26:20(top)
Exo 26:21(top)
Exo 26:22(top)
Exo 26:23(top)
Exo 26:24(top)
Exo 26:25(top)
Exo 26:26(top)
Exo 26:27(top)
Exo 26:28(top)
Exo 26:29(top)
Exo 26:30(top)
Exo 26:31(top)
Exo 26:32(top)
Exo 26:33(top)
Exo 26:34(top)
Exo 26:35

“outside the veil.” That is, the veil that leads to the Holy of Holies.

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Exo 26:36(top)
Exo 26:37(top)
  

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