Exodus Chapter 23  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Exodus 23
Exo 23:1

“Do not join your hand with the wicked to help them by being a malicious witness.” God wants human society to be peaceful and kind, and that means standing against wickedness. Wicked people want and usually need the support of others, and pressure people to help them. The righteous must resist giving that support; people who help the wicked to do evil are evil themselves, and God warns that no matter how many handshakes and agreements are made between the wicked, they will all be punished. “Though hand join in hand, the wicked will not go unpunished” (Prov. 11:21).

Exo 23:2(top)
Exo 23:3

“Do not favor a poor man in his lawsuit.” God is righteous, and He does not tolerate evil and injustice. To some people it seems the right thing to do to favor a poor person in a lawsuit just because he or she is poor and the other party “can afford it.” But that is injustice, and God is against it. Courts have to be right and righteous in their dealings.

Exo 23:4(top)
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Exo 23:15

“Abib.” The first month of the civil year at this time (the first month of the religious calendar was Tishri). Abib was later also called Nisan.

Exo 23:16(top)
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Exo 23:21

“my name is in him.” This is a common idiom, where “name” refers to authority. We baptize or pray in the “name” of Jesus Christ, meaning in his authority. God had given this angel authority to carry out his task and rebellion against the angel was rebellion against God.

Exo 23:22(top)
Exo 23:23(top)
Exo 23:24

“bow down.” The common biblical way of bowing down before people or God was to fall to one’s knees and bow the upper body to the earth. It is the same Hebrew word as “worship.” [For more on bowing down, see commentary on 1 Chron. 29:20].

“demolish.” God has no tolerance for idols. They are harmful in many different ways. They are to be destroyed. See commentary on Deuteronomy 7:5.

sacred standing-stones.” It was a common practice, especially among the Canaanite cultures, to take stones, natural or with some shaping, and set them upright as a part of the recognition and worship of a god, or to set them up as a cultic memorial of some event. God commanded Israel to destroy those stones, but given all the ones that have been uncovered by archeologists, apparently often that did not happen. [For more on standing-stones, see commentary on Gen. 28:18. For more on idols being harmful, see commentary on Deuteronomy 7:5].

Exo 23:25(top)
Exo 23:26(top)
Exo 23:27

“throw into a panic.” See commentary on Joshua 10:10.

Exo 23:28(top)
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Exo 23:32

“make no covenant with them. God said this several times (see commentary on Deut. 7:1).

Exo 23:33(top)

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