Exodus Chapter 19  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Exodus 19
 
Exo 19:1(top)
Exo 19:2(top)
Exo 19:3

“Moses went up to God.” After the Exodus, Moses went up and down Mt. Sinai 7 times, and they all are recorded in the Book of Exodus.

  • 1st time up: Exod. 19:3. 1st time down: Exod. 19:7.
  • 2nd time up: Exod. 19:8. 2nd time down: Exod. 19:14.
  • 3rd time up: Exod. 19:20. 3rd time down: Exod. 19:25 [it was right after Moses’ third trip down the Mountain, when Moses was down with the people, that God spoke the Ten Commandments audibly to the people, see commentary on Exod. 19:9].
  • 4th time up: Exod. 20:21. 4th time down: Exod. 24:3.
  • 5th time up: Exod. 24:13-15. 5th down Exod. 32:15 [Between Moses’ fourth and fifth trips up Mount Sinai, he had taken some leaders of Israel part way up the mountain (Exod. 24:1-2, 9-10). On this fifth trip, Moses was on the Mountain 40 days and nights. During that time he received the revelation about the Tabernacle, and also the Ten Commandments on stone. He had the tablets of stone with him when he went back down, but he broke them when he saw the golden calf (Exod. 32:19)].
  • 6th time up: Exod. 32:31. 6th time down: Exod. 32:34.
  • 7th time up: Exod. 34:4. 7th down: Exod. 34:29 [this 7th time on Mount Sinai, Moses was again with Yahweh for 40 days and nights (cp. Ex. 34:28), and he came down with a new set (the second set) of the Ten Commandments, and his face radiated].

On Moses’ 2nd trip up Mt. Sinai, God told Moses to put boundaries around the Mountain so no one would touch the mountain. Then on his 3rd trip up the Mountain, God again told Moses to warn the people about not touching the Mountain. Thus, Exodus 19:25 says that Moses went down Mt. Sinai to the people (3rd trip down), and that is where he was, at the bottom of Mt. Sinai with the people, when God spoke the Ten Commandments audibly, in a loud voice so everyone could hear (cp. Exod. 19:19; 20:1-2). It was later, on his 5th trip up the Mountain, that he got the first set of the Ten Commandments on stone.

When the people heard the voice of God shouting out the Ten Commandments, they were terrified and asked that they not hear the voice of God any more (cp. Exod. 20:19). God honored that request and after that time spoke to Moses, who then communicated the Torah to Israel. [For more on God speaking directly to Israel with a loud voice from the top of Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exodus 19:9].

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Exo 19:4(top)
Exo 19:5(top)
Exo 19:6(top)
Exo 19:7

“And Moses came.” This is referring to Moses coming back to the camp of Israel at the foot of Mount Sinai. This is Moses’ first trip down Mount Sinai. He went up in Exodus 19:3. [For more on Moses’ seven trips up and down Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exod. 19:3].

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Exo 19:8

“Moses reported the words of the people to Yahweh.” Yahweh was on the top of Mount Sinai, and so this was Moses’ second trip up Mount Sinai, in which he brought the words of the people back to Yahweh. God gives Moses more instructions for the children of Israel, and Moses takes those instructions to Israel when he goes back down Mount Sinai on his second time down (Exod. 19:14). [For more on Moses’ seven trips up and down Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exod. 19:3. For more on God speaking directly to Israel with a loud voice from the top of Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exodus 19:9].

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Exo 19:9

“so that the people can hear when I speak with you.” It is commonly taught that the first time Israel got the Ten Commandments was when Moses came down Mount Sinai with them, but that is not correct. The first time Israel got the Ten Commandments was when God personally spoke them in a loud voice from Mount Sinai to the people of Israel at the foot of the mountain (Exod. 20:1-17). Then, after that, Moses went up on Mount Sinai and got the commandments on stone tablets—but Moses broke those first tablets (Exod. 24:15-18; 31:18; 32:19). Then Moses went up again to the top of Mount Sinai with a second set of stone tablets that God commanded Moses to make, and then God wrote the Ten Commandments again on that second set of tablets (Exod. 34:1-4).

God spoke the Ten Commandments in a loud voice to the Israelites between Moses’ third and fourth time up Mount Sinai. It was later, on Moses’ fifth trip up Mount Sinai, that God wrote the Ten Commandments on stone and gave them to him, but Moses broke those tablets. It was on Moses’ seventh and final trip up Mount Sinai that Moses got the Ten Commandments that he then put in the ark of the Covenant.

The Bible says in a number of places that the children of Israel heard the Ten Commandments spoken by God (cp. Exod. 20:22; Deut. 4:10-13, 15, 36; 5:4-6; 22-27; 18:14-16; Heb. 12:18-21). God spoke audibly to people on a number of occasions. He spoke to Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden (Gen. 3:9ff), and He often spoke audibly to Moses (Num. 7:89).

The voice of God frightened the Israelites, so they asked that God not speak directly to them anymore, but that He would speak to Moses and Moses then could tell them what He said (Exod. 20:19-21). So it was that the rest of the Law of Moses was given by God to Moses who then told the people.

[For more information on Moses’ seven trips up Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exod. 19:3].

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Exo 19:10(top)
Exo 19:11(top)
Exo 19:12

“death, yes, death.” The Hebrew text contains the figure of speech polyptoton. For more on polyptoton and the way it is translated in the REV, see commentary on Genesis 2:16.

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Exo 19:13

“shofar.” The ram’s horn trumpet, not the metal trumpet.

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Exo 19:14

“So Moses went down from the mountain.” This is Moses’ second time down Mount Sinai, and he brought more instructions from Yahweh down to the people. He had gone up for a second time in Exodus 19:8. Moses’ next (and third) trip up Mount Sinai is in Exodus 19:20. [For more on Moses’ seven trips up and down Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exod. 19:3. For more on God speaking directly to Israel with a loud voice from the top of Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exodus 19:9].

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Exo 19:15(top)
Exo 19:16

“shofar.” The ram’s horn trumpet, not the metal trumpet.

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Exo 19:17(top)
Exo 19:18(top)
Exo 19:19

“shofar.” The ram’s horn trumpet, not the metal trumpet.

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Exo 19:20

“Yahweh called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.” This is Moses’ third trip up Mount Sinai, and on this trip Yahweh has warnings for the Israelites, which Moses brought back to Israel when he went down Mount Sinai for the third time (Exod. 19:25). [For more on Moses’ seven trips up and down Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exod. 19:3].

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Exo 19:21(top)
Exo 19:22(top)
Exo 19:23(top)
Exo 19:24(top)
Exo 19:25

“So Moses went down to the people.” This is Moses’ third time down Mount Sinai. He had gone up to speak with God in Exodus 19:20, and now at Exodus 19:25 he went back down the mountain to bring God’s warning to the people. This trip down Mount Sinai puts Moses down with the people when God spoke the Ten Commandments off Mount Sinai with a loud voice. Moses did not go back up Mount Sinai until Exodus 20:21. [For more on Moses’ seven trips up and down Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exod. 19:3. For more on God speaking directly to Israel with a loud voice from the top of Mount Sinai, see commentary on Exodus 19:9].

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