Exodus Chapter 40  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Exodus 40
 
Exo 40:1(top)
Exo 40:2

“the Tent of Meeting.” The “Tabernacle” (“Dwelling Place”) is also referred to as the “Tent of Meeting” because it was the place where people met with God. The Hebrew phrase is 'ohel mo'ed, in which 'ohel (#0168) means “tent,” and is followed by mo'ed (#04150 מוֹעֵד or מֹעֵד) which means a “meeting” or a “place for a meeting.” Thus the 'ohel mo'ed is the “Tent of Meeting” (see commentary on Exod. 27:21).

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Exo 40:3

“screen the ark with the curtain.” This curtain is the curtain between the outer room of the Tabernacle, the Holy Place, and the inner room, the Holy of Holies.

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Exo 40:4

“the table.” That is, the table on which the Bread of the Presence was placed.

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Exo 40:5

“and put up the screen for the entrance to the tabernacle.” This is the curtain that was the entrance to the first room of the Tabernacle, the Holy Place, and it divided the Holy Place inside from the courtyard outside.

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Exo 40:6(top)
Exo 40:7

“the bronze basin.” This is the large bronze basin that was in the courtyard of the Tabernacle and was used for washing (cp. Exod. 30:18; 38:8).

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Exo 40:8

“The the screen of the gate of the courtyard.” The screen of the gate of the courtyard was the beautifully woven curtain that was the entrance to the courtyard of the Tabernacle from the outside world.

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Exo 40:9(top)
Exo 40:10(top)
Exo 40:11(top)
Exo 40:12(top)
Exo 40:13(top)
Exo 40:14(top)
Exo 40:15

“for an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.” Being a priest or Levite was passed from father to son, and being a priest or Levite was a matter of genealogy, being born one. There was no way to be a priest or Levite if you were not born one.

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Exo 40:16(top)
Exo 40:17

“And in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month.” The Israelites left Egypt on the fifteenth day of the first month of the year, and the Tabernacle was set up on the first day of the first month of the second year, so Israel had been out of Egypt for just short of a full year—14 or 15 days short, depending on the moon—when the Tabernacle was set up.

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Exo 40:18(top)
Exo 40:19(top)
Exo 40:20

“the testimony.” The tablets of the Ten Commandments are here called “the testimony” because they testify to the covenant that God made with Israel, which included the laws that Israel agreed to obey (Exod. 24:3-8).

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Exo 40:21

“and screened the ark of the testimony.” The curtain between the Holy Place, the outer room of the Tabernacle, and the Holy of Holies, the inner room, screened the ark of the covenant from being seen. Only the High Priest could go in the Holy of Holies, and even he could only go in on the Day of Atonement, and on that day he would go in two times (Lev. 16:1-28). This screening and limited entry showed and protected the holiness of the Holy of Holies and the presence of God.

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Exo 40:22

“on the north side of the Tabernacle.” The Tabernacle faced east, so the north side was the side on the right as you entered the Tabernacle from the courtyard. The table and the Bread of the Presence were on the north side of the Holy Place, and the menorah was on the left side, the south side.

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Exo 40:23(top)
Exo 40:24

“on the south side of the tabernacle.” The Tabernacle always faced east, so the south side was always the left side as you were walking into the Tabernacle.

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Exo 40:25

“and he lit the lamps.” This is a summary statement to show that Aaron did “as Yahweh commanded Moses.” The text is not saying that Aaron lit the oil lamps on the menorah at that very time when the Tabernacle was set up. The lamps were lit in the evening.

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Exo 40:26

“in front of the curtain.” The golden altar was in the Holy Place in front of the curtain that was between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies, where the ark of the covenant was.

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Exo 40:27

“burned.” See commentary on Exodus 29:13.

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Exo 40:28

“at the entrance to the tabernacle.” This curtain separated the Tabernacle—the outer room, the Holy Place—from the courtyard of the Tabernacle.

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Exo 40:29

“He set the altar of burnt offering at the entrance of the tabernacle.” The altar of burnt offering was set between the entrance to the Tabernacle courtyard and the Tabernacle itself, but enough in the middle so that neither the courtyard curtains nor the tent cloth of the Tabernacle were caught on fire by sparks. Then, between the altar and the Tabernacle was the bronze laver for washing, and it was likely off to the side a little so that priests did not have to walk around it or the priests who might have been using it in order to get from the altar to the Tabernacle.

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Exo 40:30

“the bronze basin.” This is the large bronze basin that was in the courtyard of the Tabernacle and was used for washing (cp. Exod. 30:18; 38:8).

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Exo 40:31(top)
Exo 40:32(top)
Exo 40:33(top)
Exo 40:34(top)
Exo 40:35(top)
Exo 40:36(top)
Exo 40:37(top)
Exo 40:38(top)
  

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