Esther Chapter 3  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Esther 3
Est 3:1

“Haman.” Haman was “the enemy of the Jews” (Esther 3:10; 8:1; 9:10, 24), and a representative and prophetic picture of the Devil himself (see commentary on Esther 5:14).

Est 3:2

“servants who were in the king’s gate.” This is an instance where “servants” is used of the royal officials of the king. While technically they were his “servants,” they were his royal officials, which is why they were at the gate (cp. “royal staff,” HCSB; “royal officials,” NIV; “king’s officials,” NLT). The elders and important people of a city usually went to the gate of the city to meet people and conduct business. [For more on the elders at the gate, see commentary on Ruth 4:11 and Prov. 1:21].

Est 3:3(top)
Est 3:4(top)
Est 3:5(top)
Est 3:6

“thought it beneath him.” One of the meanings of the Hebrew word bazah (#0959 בָּזָה) in this context (cp. Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament [HALOT]; and NAB translation.

Est 3:7

“Pur.” Pur is an Akkadian loan-word, and therefore likely unfamiliar to the people reading the Hebrew text, thus the explanation of what “Pur” meant.

“from day to day.” The custom and method used in casting lots was unknown, and the Hebrew text is not clear on what was done or how. It seems extremely unlikely that Haman met with his astrologers and magicians to cast lots every day until a propitious day was found. If they cast lots from day to day, they would start with a day and if the lot said “no,” they would ask about the next day, and in that matter they would move “from day to day, and from month to month.” This process would have taken a while but would have been accomplished in one day. There is little doubt that God had his hand on the date because from Nisan, the first month, to Adar, the twelfth month, there was a year’s time, and so God had time to work behind the scenes with the situation so the Jews could be saved.

Est 3:8(top)
Est 3:9(top)
Est 3:10(top)
Est 3:11(top)
Est 3:12(top)
Est 3:13(top)
Est 3:14(top)
Est 3:15

“palace-fortress.” See commentary on Esther 1:2.


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