Deuteronomy Chapter 23  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Deuteronomy 23
 
Deu 23:1(top)
Deu 23:2(top)
Deu 23:3

“An Ammonite or a Moabite is not to enter the assembly of Yahweh.” Some commentators think that the prohibition of Moabites and Ammonites entering the congregation of Israel applied only to Ammonite or Moabite males, not females. This would better explain how an Israelite man, Boaz, married Ruth (see also Ruth 1:4).

“forever.” The Hebrew word is often used hyperbolically, and can mean “for a long time,” and in this situation, ten generations is considered “forever.”

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Deu 23:4(top)
Deu 23:5(top)
Deu 23:6(top)
Deu 23:7(top)
Deu 23:8(top)
Deu 23:9(top)
Deu 23:10(top)
Deu 23:11(top)
Deu 23:12(top)
Deu 23:13(top)
Deu 23:14(top)
Deu 23:15

“Do not deliver to his lord a slave who has escaped from his lord to you.” The wording of Deuteronomy 23:16-17 seems to be such that it is referring to a runaway slave from a foreign nation who is running to Israel for asylum. Virtually every country in the ancient Near East had extradition treaties such that runaway slaves would not be harbored but would be returned to their owners. However, it seems that Israel was not to return such runaway slaves but allow them to live in Israel.

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Deu 23:16(top)
Deu 23:17(top)
Deu 23:18(top)
Deu 23:19

“your brother.” Here meaning fellow Israelite; this is made clear by the next verse (see Deut. 23:19-20).

“interest on money, interest on food, or interest on anything.” Israelites were not to charge interest on anything they loaned to a fellow Israelite, period. No interest on money, food, or anything else. The underlying reason is that all Israel was part of a covenant community that was promised the blessing of God if they obeyed God. So, if anybody needed anything it must be some sort of crisis, and to loan with interest in a crisis rather than freely helping out in the crisis only makes the matter worse and does not help the collective community be strong in the things of God. Also, not freely lending to help a fellow Israelite in a time of need is to deny that we have what we have only because of the blessing of God. Especially in an agricultural community, the saying is true that, “There, but for the grace of God, go I.” Sadly, this regulation was not followed by many in Israel, and it was common for wealthy people to lend with interest. However, Jeremiah told God that he did not (Jer. 15:10).

Israelites were allowed to charge interest to non-Israelites, however (Deut. 23:20).

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Deu 23:20(top)
Deu 23:21(top)
Deu 23:22(top)
Deu 23:23(top)
Deu 23:24(top)
Deu 23:25(top)
  

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