Deuteronomy Chapter 13  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Deuteronomy 13
Deu 13:1(top)
Deu 13:2

“not known.” This does not mean “not known about,” as if it was a new god that no one had been exposed to, but rather “not worshiped,” using “known” for having a relationship with.

Deu 13:3

“for Yahweh your God is testing you.” This does not mean that God sent the false prophet so He could test the people. It means in God’s eyes the everyday situations in life in which people are tempted to turn from the true God and His commands and follow their own desires or the ungodly advice of others are tests that God wants us to pass and which demonstrate our love for Him. Life is full of tests that demonstrate our love for God. God says to pray. Do we? God says to help the poor and needy. Do we? God says people live by every word of God. Do we read and learn the Bible, or do we neglect and ignore it and not know what it actually says? God says not to have other gods. Do we, or do we “help” God out by having “lucky” objects, and/or protective amulets, wearables, statues, etc., things that then end up taking some of God’s glory? Do we fully follow God’s commands, or if a modern “prophet” (a prophet, teacher, counselor, leader) tells us its okay to do something contrary to God’s Word do we follow the words of that “prophet?” There will be a Day of Judgment, and the wise person knows that and so obeys the words of God, not their own desires that are conditioned by the ungodly society around them or the words of others that lead them from God.

Deu 13:4(top)
Deu 13:5(top)
Deu 13:6(top)
Deu 13:7(top)
Deu 13:8

“your eye is not to pity him.” This is a Semitic idiom that means, “you must not pity him.” In the culture, the “eye” reflected the character or attitude of the person, so for a person’s eye to pity someone was for the person to have an attitude of pity, which would then lead to having mercy and sparing the person. But God knew that idolaters in the camp of Israel would eventually lead many people away from God and to everlasting death, so He commanded the death penalty for such people. If someone wanted to turn away from Yahweh and worship idol gods, they were free to leave and go live among the pagans, but they were not free to stay in the camp of Israel and influence people to turn from Yahweh.

The New Testament tells us that when a person in the congregation acts or teaches in such a way that they overthrow the faith of other believers, they are to be put out of the congregation (cp. 1 Cor. 5:9-13; 1 Tim. 1:20; Heb. 12:15). [For more on idioms involving the eye, see commentary on Proverbs 22:9].

Deu 13:9

“kill, yes, kill.” The Hebrew uses the figure of speech polyptoton for emphasis. The Hebrew reads, somewhat more literally, “but killing you are to kill him,” repeating the word “kill” twice with the two verbs inflected differently. For more on this translation and polyptoton, see commentary on Genesis 2:16: “eat, yes, eat.”

Deu 13:10(top)
Deu 13:11(top)
Deu 13:12(top)
Deu 13:13

“sons of Belial.” This is a designation of sons of the Devil. [For more on sons of Belial, see commentary on 1 Sam. 2:12. For more on the unforgivable sin and children of the Devil, see commentary on Matt. 12:31].

Deu 13:14(top)
Deu 13:15

“the mouth of the sword.” Used to show great destruction, as if the sword was eating its victims (see commentary on Josh. 6:21).

Deu 13:16(top)
Deu 13:17

“to cling to your hand.” A graphic way of saying that no one was to steal any of the things that were devoted to destruction. [For more on things “devoted” to Yahweh and devoted to destruction, see commentary on Josh. 6:17].

Deu 13:18(top)

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