Deuteronomy Chapter 11  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: Deuteronomy 11
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Deu 11:10

“watered it with your foot.” This seems to be a reference to a way that water was drawn up out of the Nile River by means of a treadmill-like machine that lifted the water out of the river and dumped it into trenches on the ground that carried the water out into the fields.

Deu 11:11(top)
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Deu 11:14

“I will give the rain of your land in its season.” One of the great lessons of the Bible is that the behavior of people affects the land that they live on. This lesson is throughout the Old Testament (cp. Deut. 11:13-17; 28:1, 12, 15, 22-25, 38-40; Lev. 18:24-25; Ps. 107:33-34; Jer. 3:2-3; 12:4; 23:10; Amos 4:6-10). (See commentary on Lev. 18:25).

“former and latter rain.” There was one rainy season in Israel, and it usually started in mid to late October and ended in April. The rains at the start of the season got the planting going, and were called the “former” rains. The rains at the end of the wet season allowed the grain to come to maturity and were called the “latter” rains. For more on the rainy season and the former and latter rain, see commentary on James 5:7.

Deu 11:15(top)
Deu 11:16

“bow down.” The common biblical way of bowing down before people or God was to fall to one’s knees and bow the upper body to the earth. It is the same Hebrew word as “worship.” [For more on bowing down, see commentary on 1 Chron. 29:20].

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Deu 11:24

“the western sea.” The Mediterranean Sea.

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Deu 11:30

“beyond the Jordan.” The Israelites were east of the Jordan, so “beyond the Jordan” in this context meant west of the Jordan.

“over against Gilgal.” The name was modified to read “Gilgal” by a later editor, because the site was not called “Gilgal” until the time of Joshua (cp. Josh. 5:9).

“the road of the going down of the sun.” We would more normally say, “beyond the western road,” but exactly which road Moses had in mind is not stated and is debated. Some say it is the road just west of the Jordan that ran north-south through the Jordan valley, while others suggest that it was the well-known road that ran north and south from Syria to Egypt.

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Deu 11:32(top)

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