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Go to Bible: 2 Samuel 8
“the bridle of the mother-city.” 1 Chronicles 18:1 says this refers to Gath and her daughters, that is Gath and the cities near her that were controlled by her. There is, however, no scholarly consensus that is the correct meaning of the verse.(top)
|2Sa 8:2||- (top)|
“as he was going.” The “he” refers to Hadadezer, not David. Hadadezer was heading north to restore his control on the Euphrates, and David cut him off and struck him.
“to restore his control.” The Hebrew might mean, “restore his monument” (1 Sam. 15:12), where the monument was a symbol of his control.(top)
|2Sa 8:4||- (top)|
“When the Syrians of Damascus.” This is exactly the same as 1 Chronicles 18:5.(top)
“And Yahweh saved David wherever he went.” See commentary on 2 Samuel 8:14.(top)
“servants.” This is a clear use of the servants of the king being his officers and generals.(top)
|2Sa 8:8||- (top)|
“Toi.” In Chronicles the man’s name is spelled “Tou,” while in 2 Samuel it is spelled “Toi” (cp. 1 Chron. 18:9).(top)
“Joram.” In 1 Chronicles 18:10 he is called “Hadoram.” The Hebrew root words are the same.
“he had fought.” That is, David had fought against Hadadezer.(top)
|2Sa 8:11||- (top)|
“Edom.” This makes sense geographically and is the reading of some Hebrew manuscripts, the Septuagint, and the Syriac texts. The Masoretic Hebrew text reads “Syrian,” which does not fit the context or the geography, but is very close in Hebrew spelling to “Edom.”(top)
“David made a name for himself when he returned from striking down the Edomites.” This is a good example of the principle of “author-agent” (or “principal and agent”) in Scripture. Here in 2 Samuel, King David is credited with defeating the Edomites, while from 1 Chronicles 18:12 we learn that one of David’s generals, Abishai, was the one who actually led the battle and got the victory. It often happens in Scripture that a “principal” is credited with doing something that was actually accomplished by one of his agents. For example, God is sometimes said to do things that are actually carried out by His agents, but His agents are under His command.
“Edomites.” See commentary on 2 Samuel 8:12, “Edom.” Also, 1 Chronicles 18:12 says “Edomites.” Also, this fits with “Edom” in verse 14.(top)
“And Yahweh saved David wherever he went.” The Hebrew text is identical to 2 Samuel 8:6. Yahweh saved his anointed king in battle after battle and thus set the kingdom up for a wonderful reign of justice and righteousness. This is more evidence of king David being a type of the Messiah, the Greater David, who was saved in situation after situation by God, who thus set us all up for the wonderful future kingdom of Christ.(top)
|2Sa 8:15||- (top)|
“recorder.” This is like a court historian, someone who has a good memory but mainly notes and records what is going on in the kingdom. For example, when the Bible mentions “the chronicles of the kings” (cp. 1 Kings 14:19, 27; 15:7, 23, 31, etc.) it would have usually been the recorder who wrote or dictated that so that it was written down. Pagan kings kept a chronicle of the goings on in the kingdom as well (Esther 6:1).(top)
|2Sa 8:17||- (top)|
|2Sa 8:18||- (top)|