2 Samuel Chapter 5  PDF  MSWord

Go to Chapter:
|01 |02 |03 |04 |05 |06 |07 |08 |09 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |21 |22 |23 |24 |

Go to verse:
|01 |02 |03 |04 |05 |06 |07 |08 |09 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |21 |22 |23 |24 |25 |

Go to Bible: 2 Samuel 5
2Sa 5:1(top)
2Sa 5:2(top)
2Sa 5:3(top)
2Sa 5:4(top)
2Sa 5:5(top)
2Sa 5:6(top)
2Sa 5:7(top)
2Sa 5:8

“water shaft.” The Jebusite city was built on the south end of Mount Zion and its main water source was the Gihon Spring, a spring on the south-east end of the city, just outside the city wall. The Jebusites had a shaft leading down from their city to the spring, and Joab used that shaft to gain access to the city and conquer it.

2Sa 5:9

“David lived in the stronghold.” David lived in the original Jebusite city when he first conquered Jerusalem. Then, as 2 Samuel 5:9-11 indicate, Hiram of Tyre built him a palace and he moved into it, and it would have been north of the original Jebusite city (see commentary on 2 Sam. 5:11).

2Sa 5:10(top)
2Sa 5:11

“and they built David a house.” When David conquered the Jebusite city of Jerusalem, he lived in that stronghold and named it the “City of David” (2 Sam. 5:9). Then, some time later, Hiram king of Tyre built a palace for David (2 Sam. 5:11). But where? Evidence from the Bible, archaeology, and logic leads us to conclude that David built his palace just north of the original Jebusite city of Jerusalem (Eilat Mazar, “The Undiscovered Palace of King David in Jerusalem,” Biblical Archaeological Review, Jan/Feb 1997). Kathleen Kenyon excavated around the ancient Jebusite city in the 1960s, and uncovered a massive public structure, and based on the pottery associated with it, dated it to the time of David and Solomon (the 10th century BC).

Kenyon did not consider that the structure she found could be associated with David because it was outside the original Jebusite city, and Kenyon thought David would have had to have built inside the city. But that would not have left much room for David’s palace, nor much room for the tent he set up for the Ark of the Covenant. Kenyon acknowledged this, and wrote, “David must have cleared a space within the Jebusite town, but the size of this residence is unlikely to have been great, for anything grandiose would have taken too much space within the restricted area of the Jebusite-Davidic city” (Kathleen M. Kenyon, Digging Up Jerusalem, New York: Praeger, 1974, p. 103).

But 2 Samuel 5:9 informs us that after David conquered Jerusalem, he enlarged it, and the most natural way to enlarge it was to build a section north of the original city. Besides, as Kenyon said, the original Jebusite city would have been very densely built up and would not have had room for an adequate palace for David. So David would have mainly expanded Jerusalem to the north because the Jebusite city had steep valleys to the east, south, and west, whereas there was room to the north for his palace and the tent he set up for the Ark of the Covenant. But the northern area would not have been as well fortified as the original city, which explains why David would have gone back “down” to the Jebusite stronghold, the old Jebusite city, when the Philistines were threatening to attack (2 Sam. 5:17).

Kenyon uncovered a huge stepped-stone structure on the east slope of Mount Zion, just north of the Jebusite city, and that structure has been discovered by later archaeologists, especially Eilat Mazar, to be the supporting wall associated with and supporting the huge building above it, which is almost certainly David’s palace.

2Sa 5:12(top)
2Sa 5:13(top)
2Sa 5:14(top)
2Sa 5:15(top)
2Sa 5:16(top)
2Sa 5:17(top)
2Sa 5:18(top)
2Sa 5:19(top)
2Sa 5:20(top)
2Sa 5:21(top)
2Sa 5:22(top)
2Sa 5:23(top)
2Sa 5:24(top)
2Sa 5:25(top)

prev   top   next