2 Kings Chapter 15  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: 2 Kings 15
 
2Ki 15:1(top)
2Ki 15:2(top)
2Ki 15:3(top)
2Ki 15:4(top)
2Ki 15:5

“Yahweh struck the king so that he was a leper.” The reason is covered in 2 Chronicles 26:16-21.

“over the household.” That is, ruling over the palace and royal family. The fact that Jothan was judging the people of the land shows he was acting as king.

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2Ki 15:6(top)
2Ki 15:7(top)
2Ki 15:8(top)
2Ki 15:9(top)
2Ki 15:10

“in the presence of the people.” There is an Aramaic term at this point in the Hebrew text for “in the presence of” (or simply, “before”), which some scholars find problematic and assume is a late addition to the text, and thus they prefer to follow Lucian’s Greek version and thus read “at Ibleam.” Although there is no clear reason why an Aramaic term might appear here in the text, there is no clear reason to think it was not original.

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2Ki 15:11(top)
2Ki 15:12(top)
2Ki 15:13(top)
2Ki 15:14(top)
2Ki 15:15(top)
2Ki 15:16

“and its territory.” A powerful town would control the territory around it, and draw support from the people in that territory. The ancient versions differ as to the names of the towns. For example, the Septuagint text has Tirzah instead of Tiphsah, and thus has Tirzah twice.

“and all the women in it who were with child he ripped up.” Tyrants are generally cold and heartless, and use horrific methods to produce fear in people and thus control them.

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2Ki 15:17(top)
2Ki 15:18(top)
2Ki 15:19(top)
2Ki 15:20

“all the mighty men of wealth." An idiom for all the very wealthy men.

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2Ki 15:21(top)
2Ki 15:22(top)
2Ki 15:23(top)
2Ki 15:24(top)
2Ki 15:25(top)
2Ki 15:26(top)
2Ki 15:27(top)
2Ki 15:28(top)
2Ki 15:29(top)
2Ki 15:30

“struck him and killed him, and reigned in his place.” The fact that Tiglath-Pileser, king of Assyria had conquered much of Israel but then went home validates what was written in the Assyrian annals from the time of Tiglath-Pileser, that he placed Hoshea on the throne and took back to Assyria ten talents of gold and 1,000 talents of silver. Tiglath-Pileser would have set Hoshea up as a vassal king over Israel and received yearly tribute from him. This lasted through the reign of Tiglath-Pileser, and then Hoshea revolted during the reign of the next king of Assyria, Shalmanezzar (1 Kings 17:3).

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2Ki 15:31(top)
2Ki 15:32(top)
2Ki 15:33(top)
2Ki 15:34(top)
2Ki 15:35

“He built the upper gate of the house of Yahweh.” Jotham built the northern gate in the wall of the Temple, also called “the gate of Benjamin” (Jer. 20:2; Ezek. 9:2) because being on the north of the Temple, it led out in the direction of the tribe of Benjamin. This was not the northern gate in the city wall, but the northern gate in the wall surrounding the Temple. It was called “the upper gate” because the Temple was not on perfectly flat ground, but the northern wall was a little bit higher up in elevation than the rest of the Temple.

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2Ki 15:36(top)
2Ki 15:37

“Pekah the son of Remaliah.” Pekah was the king of Israel, so at that time Israel and Syria were both attacking Judah. By the time of Ahaz, Syria and Israel were allies and were working together to fight Judah (Isa. 7:1).

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2Ki 15:38(top)
  

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