2 Chronicles Chapter 34  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: 2 Chronicles 34
2Ch 34:1(top)
2Ch 34:2(top)
2Ch 34:3

“shrines.” The Hebrew word “shrines” is bamot, which referred to a place that was leveled and built up and on which were placed various idols and objects of worship. The context indicates these shires were pagan in nature (cp. NLT, “pagan shrines”). Many of the towns had such shrines (see commentary on Num. 33:52).

2Ch 34:4

“incense altars.” The Hebrew for this word is uncertain, and different things have been suggested.

2Ch 34:5(top)
2Ch 34:6

“in their ruins all around.” This is the Qere reading (a marginal reading) of the Hebrew text. The Assyrians had left the Northern Kingdom of Israel in ruins.

2Ch 34:7

“beat the Asherah poles and the carved images into powder.” Josiah destroyed the idols, as the Law of Moses commanded (see commentary on Deut. 7:5). The fact that these were beaten to powder indicated they were stone or perhaps clay.

2Ch 34:8

“the house of God.” The Hebrew simply says, “the house,” a reference to the house of God, the Temple.

“governor.” This can be “leader,” “ruler,” or “governor.”

“the recorder.” This would be a person charged with writing and keeping records of what went on in the city.

2Ch 34:9

“the guards of the threshold.” These are also mentioned in 2 Kings 22:4. More than just “doorkeepers,” these men guarded the Temple entrances and protected it and its contents.

2Ch 34:10

“restore.” The Hebrew word is literally “strengthen.”

2Ch 34:11(top)
2Ch 34:12(top)
2Ch 34:13(top)
2Ch 34:14

“the Book of the Law.” This was actually a scroll. One scroll could not hold the entire Torah, so this is either a scroll with part of the Torah on it, or a collection of scrolls with all the Torah on it.

“the Law of Yahweh given by the hand of Moses.” The Hebrew is “the torah of Yahweh,” where “torah” is much more than “law.” The torah involves instruction in many different ways (see commentary on Prov. 1:8). The phrase “given by the hand of Moses” almost certainly means that this was a copy of what had been written by Moses. However, it is possible that Moses actually wrote some of what they found.

2Ch 34:15

“told.” The Hebrew is literally, “answered.”

2Ch 34:16

“reported.” The Hebrew is idiomatic, more literally, “returned a word to the king.”

2Ch 34:17(top)
2Ch 34:18(top)
2Ch 34:19(top)
2Ch 34:20(top)
2Ch 34:21(top)
2Ch 34:22

“the second district.” See commentary on 2 Kings 22:14.

2Ch 34:23(top)
2Ch 34:24

“all the curses that are written in the scroll.” There are curses in Deuteronomy 27:14-26, 28:15-68.

2Ch 34:25

“the works of their hands. Although the people sinned in many ways by what they did and how they behaved, “the works of their hands,” almost certainly refers to idols.

2Ch 34:26

“the words that you have heard.” That is, the words of the scroll that the king heard when they were read to him.

2Ch 34:27

“you humbled yourself.” Being “humble” is a key concept in Chronicles.

2Ch 34:28(top)
2Ch 34:29

“Then the king sent and gathered together.” This verse is very similar to 2 Kings 23:1.

2Ch 34:30

“and the Levites.” The book of Kings has “prophets” instead of Levites. However, from the text we learn that many Levites were prophets.

2Ch 34:31

“to carry out.” In 2 Kings 23:3, the word is “confirm.”

2Ch 34:32(top)
2Ch 34:33(top)

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