2 Kings Chapter 23  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: 2 Kings 23
2Ki 23:1(top)
2Ki 23:2(top)
2Ki 23:3(top)
2Ki 23:4

“second rank.” That is, the rank just below the High Priest.

2Ki 23:5(top)
2Ki 23:6

“on the graves of the common people.” This was not to defile the graves, for graves were already “unclean.” This was to show contempt for, and defile, the Asherah.

2Ki 23:7

“in the house of Yahweh.” The fact that Manasseh and Amon allowed cult prostitutes to live and serve in the Temple of Yahweh shows how far from God Judah had turned before Josiah’s reforms, and why, even after his reforms, the sins of Manasseh, which had become part of the culture of Judah, had dire consequences (2 Kings 24:3-4).

2Ki 23:8(top)
2Ki 23:9(top)
2Ki 23:10(top)
2Ki 23:11

“Nathan-Melech.” The name Nathan-Melech appears only here in the Bible. It was announced in March of 2019 that a clay bulla (the impression in clay made by a stamp-seal) was found in the City of David inside the remains of a public building that had been destroyed in the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC. The clay bulla read, “[Belonging to] Nathan-Melech, servant of the king,” and it was written in ancient Hebrew script. While it is impossible to conclude that the Nathan-Melech of the seal was the same Nathan-Melech in the Bible, the dating and location of the find, and the status of the person himself, establish at least a very good possibility.

2Ki 23:12(top)
2Ki 23:13(top)
2Ki 23:14

“standing stones.” Most standing-stones were set up as part of the worship of pagan gods, and that is the context here. God has no tolerance for idols. They are harmful in many different ways, and God commanded that they be destroyed. [For more on standing-stones, see commentary on Gen. 28:18. For more on idols being harmful, see commentary on Deuteronomy 7:5].

2Ki 23:15(top)
2Ki 23:16(top)
2Ki 23:17(top)
2Ki 23:18(top)
2Ki 23:19

“houses of the high places.” These “houses” were the temples of the pagan gods. A temple was often called the “house” of the god.

2Ki 23:20(top)
2Ki 23:21

“the scroll of the covenant.” See commentary on Exodus 24:7.

2Ki 23:22(top)
2Ki 23:23(top)
2Ki 23:24

“had familiar spirits.” See commentary on Deuteronomy 18:11.

“and the teraphim.” Teraphim were household gods (see commentary on Gen. 31:19).

2Ki 23:25

“the law of Moses.” The Hebrew is “the torah of Moses,” where “torah” is much more than “law.” The torah involves instruction in many different ways (see commentary on Prov. 1:8).

2Ki 23:26

“Yahweh did not turn from the fierceness of his great wrath.” This is not because God does not forgive sins, because He does. It was because the sin and idolatry in Judah ran so deep that Josiah’s reforms did not penetrate into the hearts of the people. As soon as Josiah was killed in battle, his three sons who were three of the next four kings of Judah, all did evil in the sight of Yahweh, and the fourth king, who was a grandson, did too (2 Kings 23:31-32, 36-37; 2 Kings 24:8-9, 17-19).

2Ki 23:27(top)
2Ki 23:28(top)
2Ki 23:29(top)
2Ki 23:30(top)
2Ki 23:31(top)
2Ki 23:32(top)
2Ki 23:33(top)
2Ki 23:34(top)
2Ki 23:35(top)
2Ki 23:36(top)
2Ki 23:37(top)

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