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Go to Bible: 2 Kings 22
“Bozkath.” In Joshua 15:39, a town by this name is located between Lachish and Eglon, and since it only occurs there and here that is likely the same town. If so, Bozkath is in western Judah.(top)
|2Ki 22:2||- (top)|
|2Ki 22:3||- (top)|
“house of Yahweh.” That is, the Temple.
“guards of the threshold.” More than just “doorkeepers,” these men guarded the Temple entrances and protected it and its contents.
“gathered from the people.” The record in 2 Chronicles 34:9 gives much more detail.(top)
|2Ki 22:5||- (top)|
|2Ki 22:6||- (top)|
|2Ki 22:7||- (top)|
“I have found the Book of the Law in the house of Yahweh.” Being the High Priest, it is possible that Hilkiah had access to areas of the Temple that others could not get to, or it is possible that Yahweh led him to it or he simply discovered it while in the process of repairing the Temple.
This is a very important statement because in general, liberal scholars say that this time of Josiah was when Deuteronomy was written. But it seems clear that the Law had been written and an ancient copy had been found at this time.(top)
“reported.” The Hebrew is idiomatic, more literally, “returned a word to the king.”
“emptied out the money.” The money had been collected and would have been put in some kind of chest or container, and now that container had been emptied out and the money—the silver—given to the workers. At this point in history, “money” was in the form of pieces of silver or gold, not in coin form.(top)
|2Ki 22:10||- (top)|
|2Ki 22:11||- (top)|
|2Ki 22:12||- (top)|
“listened to.” The Hebrew text is “heard” or “listened to,” but it also carries the connotation of “obeyed.”(top)
“keeper of the wardrobe.” It seems that this was a description and that the actual title was “Over the Wardrobe” (see commentary on 2 Kings 10:22, where this phrase is also used). The “keeper of the wardrobe” would be Shallum, and Huldah would have been his wife.
“in the second district.” This would be the western hill, west of the city of David. It would have been called “the second” district because it was an addition to the city of Jerusalem, added during the time of Hezekiah in the early 700s BC. The Hebrew text does not have the words “quarter,” “district,” or “section” like many English versions do. It just has “the second.”(top)
|2Ki 22:15||- (top)|
|2Ki 22:16||- (top)|
“making me angry by all the work of their hands.” This refers to the idols that the people had made. The NIV adds to the Hebrew text for clarity and reads, “and aroused my anger by all the idols their hands have made.” But the Hebrew text emphasizes that the idols were “the work of their hands.” God is understandably angry that Israel would ignore the One who created them to worship and serve something they had created.(top)
“the words that you have heard.” That is, the words of the scroll that the king heard when they were read to him.(top)
|2Ki 22:19||- (top)|
|2Ki 22:20||- (top)|