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Go to Bible: 2 Kings 14
|2Ki 14:1||- (top)|
|2Ki 14:2||- (top)|
“David his father.” This is the use of “father” as “ancestor.”
“He did according to all that Joash his father had done.” This sentence is expressing a positive thing about Amaziah, that he did what Joash his father did, but did not walk with God as perfectly as David had done. Thus, like with Joash, the local shrines were not taken away (2 Kings 12:2-3).(top)
“only the local shrines.” The Hebrew word “shrines” is bamot, which referred to a place that was leveled and built up and on which were placed various idols and objects of worship. Many of the towns had such shrines (see commentary on Num. 33:52). Amaziah, like his father Joash, did not remove the pagan shrines (2 Kings 12:2-3).(top)
|2Ki 14:5||- (top)|
“the law of Moses.” The Hebrew is “the torah of Moses,” where “torah” is much more than “law.” The torah involves instruction in many different ways (see commentary on Prov. 1:8). The reference in the Law is Deuteronomy 24:16.(top)
“Joktheel.” The name means “the blessedness of El (God).”(top)
“Come, let’s look one another in the face.” In this context, this is an idiom and is an invitation to war. To fight the Edomites Amaziah hired fighters from Israel to join his Judean troops, but sent them home because of the guidance of a prophet. However, on the way home, the Israelite warriors attacked towns of Judah. In part because of that, and in part because of his pride after winning the war with Edom, Amaziah now wishes to attack Israel. It is doubtful he wanted territory; it is more likely he wanted money as retribution for the damage done to the towns of Judah. However, Amaziah had brought back pagan gods from Edom and was worshiping them (2 Chron. 25:14-16), and so the favor of Yahweh was no longer with him, and Israel defeated him in battle.(top)
|2Ki 14:9||- (top)|
|2Ki 14:10||- (top)|
|2Ki 14:11||- (top)|
|2Ki 14:12||- (top)|
“And Jehoash king of Israel captured Amaziah...the son of Jehoash, the son of Ahaziah.” Two kings in 2 Kings 14:13 have the same name. The first Jehoash is king of Israel, the second Jehoash is long dead but was the king of Judah.
“then he came to Jerusalem.” 2 Chronicles 25:23 says that Jehoash brought Amaziah with him back to Jerusalem.
“400 cubits.” This would be about 600 feet, or two football fields long.(top)
“the hostages.” The Assyrians would take hostages of the royal family and leave the defeated king on his throne to rule his kingdom, but the hostages assured that the king would be obedient to the conquering king. The Bible does not specify who the hostages were, but it is likely they were from the royal family. They were taken as hostages, not “slaves.” The Hebrew word is rare, and occurs only here in the Bible, and in the parallel record in 2 Chronicles 25:24.(top)
|2Ki 14:15||- (top)|
“Jeroboam.” This is Jeroboam II, under whom Israel greatly expanded its territory.(top)
|2Ki 14:17||- (top)|
|2Ki 14:18||- (top)|
“made a conspiracy.” The Hebrew is more literally, “they conspired a conspiracy,” but that is awkward in English.(top)
|2Ki 14:20||- (top)|
“Azariah.” Azariah is sometimes called “Uzziah” (cp. 2 Chron. 26:1, 3). Also, in 2 Chronicles 22:6, King Ahaziah of Judah (2 Kings 8 and 9) is called “Azariah.” The names of kings can be confusing because sometimes the same king is called by different names in the Bible.(top)
“He built Elath.” The “he” refers to King Azariah, who is also in 2 Kings 15:1-7. There is much more about Azariah in Chronicles than in Kings (cp. 2 Chron. 26:1-23).
“after King Amaziah slept with his fathers.” Azariah built Elath after Amaziah died. Amaziah only reigned six or seven years before Azariah co-reigned with him, and Azariah did not build Elath and bring it back under Judah’s control until after Amaziah died.(top)
|2Ki 14:23||- (top)|
|2Ki 14:24||- (top)|
“He restored the border of Israel.” Jeroboam II, who reigned in the latter part of the eighth century BC, was a bold and powerful leader who lived at a unique time because the ancient enemy Syria had been destroyed by the Assyrians, but the Assyrians had entered a period of weakness and were not able to control Israel, and Egypt was also not able to advance into Israel at that time. So with Uzziah (Azariah) in a long and stable reign in Judah, Jeroboam brought prosperity and economic and territorial expansion to Israel.
“the sea of the Arabah.” That is, the Dead Sea. So for Jeroboam to restore the border of Israel in the Transjordan (east of the Jordan), he restored the traditional borders of the Transjordan tribes of Manasseh, Gad, and Reuben.
“Jonah.” This is the same Jonah as in the Book of Jonah, so Jonah was a prophet from Gath-hepher in the Galilee, which was in the tribal area of Zebulun (Josh. 19:10-13). Gath-hepher was just over 4 miles (over 6 km) north-northeast from Nazareth, and about 3.5 miles (5.5 km) southeast of Sepphoris. Although the text acknowledges that Jeroboam restored the traditional border of Israel in the Transjordan, he does it “according to the word of Yahweh the God of Israel that he spoke by his servant Jonah,” so the real credit goes to the prophet and to God, whose unseen hand is at work to give the land of Israel back to His people.
There is a wonderful lesson here for God’s people: Jeroboam “did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh” (2 Kings 14:24) and his reign was corrupt and moral decay during his reign was rampant and increasing, but in spite of that God did not abandon His people and worked to seek their welfare in many ways, including restoring tribal boundaries and sending prophets such as Jonah, Amos, Isaiah, Micah, and Hosea, who were all of that same basic time period, to call Israel back to Himself and avert disaster for Israel. Israel had a chance to repent and be a strong and godly nation, but they ignored the prophets and the Law of Moses, and ended up being carried away in that same century by the Assyrians in 722 BC.(top)
“for there was no one, slave or free.” See commentary on Deuteronomy 32:36.(top)
|2Ki 14:27||- (top)|
“Damascus and Hamath (which had once belonged to Judah) into Israel.” Cities as far north as Damascus and Hamath were conquered by David and Solomon, but then rebelled and were lost to Israel. Jeroboam II captured them back. David controlled Damascus (2 Sam. 8:6), while Solomon controlling Damascus is seen in 1 Kings 4:24. That 2 Kings 14:28 would go back in time to the days of David and Solomon magnified what Jeroboam did, almost like a restoration of the Solomonic Empire.(top)
“Zechariah.” In the Hebrew text, Zechariah is called “Zechariyahu.”(top)