2 Kings Chapter 14  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: 2 Kings 14
 
2Ki 14:1(top)
2Ki 14:2(top)
2Ki 14:3

“David his father.” This is the use of “father” as “ancestor.”

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2Ki 14:4(top)
2Ki 14:5(top)
2Ki 14:6

“the law of Moses.” The Hebrew is “the torah of Moses,” where “torah” is much more than “law.” The torah involves instruction in many different ways (see commentary on Prov. 1:8).

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2Ki 14:7(top)
2Ki 14:8

“Come, let us look one another in the face.” This is an invitation to war. To fight the Edomites Amaziah hired fighters from Israel to join his Judean troops, but sent them home because of the guidance of a prophet. However, on the way home, the Israelite warriors attacked towns of Judah. In part because of that, and in part because of his pride after winning the war with Edom, Amaziah now wishes to attack Israel. It is doubtful he wanted territory; it is more likely he wanted money as retribution for the damage done to the towns of Judah. However, Amaziah had brought back pagan gods from Edom and was worshipping them (2 Chron. 25:14-16), and so the favor of Yahweh was no longer with him, and Israel defeated him in battle.

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2Ki 14:9(top)
2Ki 14:10(top)
2Ki 14:11(top)
2Ki 14:12(top)
2Ki 14:13(top)
2Ki 14:14(top)
2Ki 14:15(top)
2Ki 14:16(top)
2Ki 14:17(top)
2Ki 14:18(top)
2Ki 14:19(top)
2Ki 14:20(top)
2Ki 14:21

“Azariah.” Azariah is sometimes called “Uzziah” (cp. 2 Chron. 26:1, 3).

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2Ki 14:22

“after that the king slept with his fathers.” Azariah is also in 2 Kings 15:1-7. There is much more about Azariah in Chronicles than in Kings (cp. 2 Chron. 26:1-23).

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2Ki 14:23(top)
2Ki 14:24(top)
2Ki 14:25

“He restored the border of Israel.” Jeroboam II, who reigned in the latter part of the 8th century BC, was a bold and powerful leader who lived at a unique time because the ancient enemy Syria had been destroyed by the Assyrians, but the Assyrians had entered a period of weakness and were not able to control Israel, and Egypt was also not able to advance into Israel at that time. So with Uzziah (Azariah) in a long and stable reign in Judah, Jeroboam brought prosperity and economic and territorial expansion to Israel.

“the sea of the Arabah.” That is, the Dead Sea. So for Jeroboam to restore the border of Israel in the Transjordan (east of the Jordan), he restored the traditional borders of the Transjordan tribes of Manasseh, Gad, and Reuben.

“Jonah.” This is the same Jonah as in the Book of Jonah, so Jonah was a prophet from Gath-hepher in the Galilee, which was in the tribal area of Zebulun (Josh. 19:10-13). Gath-hepher was just over 4 miles (over 6 km) north-northeast from Nazareth, and about 3.5 miles (5.5 km) southeast of Sepphoris. Although the text acknowledges that Jeroboam restored the traditional border of Israel in the Transjordan, he does it “according to the word of Yahweh the God of Israel that he spoke by his servant Jonah,” so the real credit goes to the prophet and to God, whose unseen hand is at work to give the land of Israel back to His people.

There is a wonderful lesson here for God’s people: Jeroboam “did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh” (2 Kings 14:24) and his reign was corrupt and moral decay during his reign was rampant and increasing, but in spite of that God did not abandon His people and worked to seek their welfare in many ways, including restoring tribal boundaries and sending prophets such as Jonah, Amos, Isaiah, Micah, and Hosea, who were all of that same basic time period, to call Israel back to Himself and avert disaster for Israel. Israel had a chance to repent and be a strong and godly nation, but they ignored the prophets and the Law of Moses, and ended up being carried away in that same century by the Assyrians in 722 BC.

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2Ki 14:26(top)
2Ki 14:27(top)
2Ki 14:28(top)
2Ki 14:29(top)
  

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