1 Samuel Chapter 16  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Bible: 1 Samuel 16
 
1Sa 16:1(top)
1Sa 16:2

“If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” This shows the depths of evil to which king Saul had fallen. He never overcame his character faults, and he had now come to the place he was evil and opposed God.

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1Sa 16:3(top)
1Sa 16:4(top)
1Sa 16:5

“make yourselves holy.” The people were to do what it took to make themselves holy in the sight of God (cp. Lev. 11:44). [For more on “make yourselves holy,” see commentary on Joshua 3:5].

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1Sa 16:6

“before him.” This is understood culturally as, “in His presence,” that is, in God’s presence. Samuel saw Eliab and thought that surely because of his kingly characteristics he must be God’s choice for the next king.

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1Sa 16:7(top)
1Sa 16:8(top)
1Sa 16:9(top)
1Sa 16:10(top)
1Sa 16:11

“flock.” Though this word is most often used of sheep, it can refer to a flock of sheep and goats.

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1Sa 16:12

“with beautiful eyes and of good appearance.” God had just said not to look on the outward appearance, but apparently it can be helpful to have a nice appearance.

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1Sa 16:13(top)
1Sa 16:14

“terrorized​ him.” The Hebrew is baath (#01204 בָּעַת), and in this context it means “to startle, to cause sudden terror.” It is not as if Saul was in constant terror, but the demon would come upon him and cause him sudden terror. This might be diagnosed as panic attacks today, and no doubt some panic attacks are caused by demons.

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1Sa 16:15(top)
1Sa 16:16(top)
1Sa 16:17(top)
1Sa 16:18(top)
1Sa 16:19(top)
1Sa 16:20

“skin-bottle.” A “bottle” or container made from animal skin. [For more on skin-bottles, which were usually made from the skins of goats, see commentary on 1 Sam. 10:3].

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1Sa 16:21(top)
1Sa 16:22

“Let David stand before me.” That is, let David stay and remain in my service.

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1Sa 16:23(top)
  

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