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“My anger is kindled against the shepherds,
and I will punish the he-goats,
for Yahweh of Armies has visited his flock,
the house of Judah,
and will make them as his majestic horse in the battle. Bible

“he-goats.” The male goat (he-goat) or ram was used idiomatically by the figure of speech hypocatastasis for the powerful people or rulers, and it was especially true when used of ungodly leaders, as it is here and Isaiah 14:9. When one studies the use of “goats” in the Bible, and also studies their destructive behavior, it is easy to see why, in the Bible, the “goats,” were often put for the unbelievers or the unsaved (cp. Matthew 25:33). [For more on goats in the Bible, see commentary on Isaiah 14:9. For more on the figure of speech hypocatastasis, see commentary on Rev. 20:2].


Commentary for: Zechariah 10:3