It came to pass in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land, so a man of Bethlehem Judah went to live in the country of Moab; he and his wife and his two sons. Bible

“famine in the land.” Elimelech, like Abraham, left the land when there was a famine. See commentary on Genesis 12:10.

“Bethlehem Judah.” Since “Bethlehem” means “house of bread,” there are a couple of Bethlehems in Israel, this Bethlehem is Bethlehem in Judah.

“in the country of Moab.” The Hebrew text reads literally, “in the fields of Moab,” but Moab was referred to by the idiom, “the fields of Moab.” The central area of Moab was a high plateau that had fields.

Commentary for: Ruth 1:1