Psalm 78  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Ps 78
 
A meditation of Asaph.

 1 Listen to my Torah, O my people.

 Turn your ear to the words of my mouth.

 

 2 I will open my mouth in a proverb.

 I will pour forth riddles of old

 

 3 that we have heard and known,

 and our fathers have told us.

 

 4 We will not hide them from their children,

 recounting them to the generation to come

 the songs of praise about Yahweh,

 even his strength and his wondrous works

 that he has done.

 

 5 For he established a testimony in Jacob,

 yes, he placed Torah in Israel,

 which he commanded our fathers,

 that they should declare them to their children;

 

 6 in order that the generation to come might know;

 children to be born,

 who should arise and recount to their children,

 

 7 that they might place their confidence in God

 and not forget the works of God,

 but keep his commandments,

 

 8 and might not be as their fathers,

 a stubborn and disobedient generation,

 a generation that did not prepare its heart,

 and whose spirit was not faithful toward God.

 

 
9 
The children of Ephraim,

 being well-equipped archers,

 turned back in the day of battle.

 

 10 They did not keep the covenant of God,

 and they refused to walk in his Torah.

 

 11 They forgot his deeds,

 even his wondrous acts that he had shown them.

 

 12 He performed a miracle in the sight of their fathers,

 in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

 

 13 He split the sea and caused them to pass through.

 He made the waters stand up like a heap.

 

 14 He lead them with a cloud by day,

 and all night with a light of fire.

 

 15 He split rocks in the wilderness,

 and gave them abundant water to drink like the deeps.

 

 16 He brought streams also out of the rock

 and caused waters to run down like rivers.

 

 
17 
But they continued to sin even further against him,

 to rebel against the Most High in the dry land.

 

 18 They even tested God in their heart

 by asking for food according to their desire.

 

 19 Then they spoke against God. They said,

 “Can God prepare a table in the wilderness?

 

 20 Behold, he struck a rock

 and waters gushed out and streams overflowed.

 Can he give food also?

 Will he prepare meat for his people?”

 

 21 Therefore Yahweh heard, and he was infuriated.

 Then a fire was kindled against Jacob,

 yes, anger also went up against Israel,

 

 22 because they did not believe in God,

 and did not trust in his deliverance.

 

 23 Yet he commanded the clouds from above,

 and opened the two doors of heaven.

 

 24 He rained down manna upon them to eat,

 yes, he gave them grain from heaven.

 

 25 Man ate the food of the mighty.

 He sent them provisions in abundance.

 

 26 He caused the east wind to break forth in the heavens.

 And with his strength he made the south wind blow.

 

 27 When he rained down meat upon them like the dust,

 winged birds as the sand of the seas,

 

 28 then he let it fall in the midst of their camp

 around their dwellings.

 

 29 So they ate and were very satisfied.

 Yes, he brought to them their own desire.

 

 30 They did not turn from their desire.

 Their food was still in their mouth

 

 31 when the anger of God went up against them,

 yes, he killed some of their nobles,

 and he laid low the youth of Israel.

 

 
32 
Despite all of this, they still sinned,

 and they did not believe in his wondrous deeds.

 

 33 So he ended their days in futility

 and their years with a sudden ruin.

 

 34 When he killed them,

 then they sought him.

 They repented and desired God.

 

 35 Yes, they remembered that God was their rock,

 yes, the Most High God, their redeemer.

 

 36 But they attempted to flatter him with their mouth,

 and lied to him with their tongue.

 

 37 For their heart was not steadfast toward him,

 nor were they faithful in his covenant.

 

 38 But he, being compassionate,

 forgave their punishment and did not exterminate them.

 Yes, many times he held back his anger

 and did not arouse all his wrath.

 

 39 He remembered that they were but flesh,

 a wind that moves along and does not return.

 

 
40 
How often they rebelled against him

 in the wilderness

 yes, they hurt his feelings in the desert!

 

 41 Yes, they turned and tested God,

 and they hurt the Holy One of Israel.

 

 42 They did not remember his hand,

 on the day that he redeemed them from their enemy;

 

 43 when he displayed his signs in Egypt,

 and his wonders in the field of Zoan;

 

 44 and he turned the rivers of the Nile into blood,

 so they could not drink from their streams.

 

 45 He sent among them a swarm of insects that devoured them,

 and frogs that destroyed them.

 

 46 He also gave their produce over to the grasshopper,

 and their product of their toil to the locust.

 

 47 He destroyed their vines with hail,

 their sycamore fig trees with a devastating flood.

 

 48 He gave over their livestock also to the hail

 and their flocks to plagues.

 

 49 He set upon them his burning anger,

 fury and indignation and distress,

 a detachment of harmful angels.

 

 50 He leveled a path for his anger.

 He did not spare their soul from death,

 but he delivered their life over to the pestilence

 

 51 and struck dead all the firstborn in Egypt,

 the firstfruits of their vigor in the tents of Ham.

 

 52 But he led his own people out like sheep,

 and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.

 

 53 He led them safely so that they were not afraid,

 but the sea covered their enemies.

 

 54 He brought them to his holy territory,

 to this mountain that his right hand had acquired.

 

 55 He also drove out the nations before them,

 and apportioned for them a measured territory as an inheritance,

 and settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.

 

 
56 
Yet they tested and rebelled against the Most High God

 and they did not keep his testimonies,

 

 57 but they turned aside and acted unfaithfully like their fathers.

 They, like a slack bow, failed to function.

 

 58 For they made him angry by their high places

 and made him jealous by their carved images.

 

 59 God heard and was filled with anger,

 then he utterly rejected Israel,

 

 60 so he rejected the dwelling place at Shiloh,

 the tent that he pitched among human beings,

 

 61 and he gave up his strength to captivity,

 and his beauty into the foe’s hand.

 

 62 He also delivered his people over to the sword

 and was filled with anger at his inheritance.

 

 63 Fire devoured his young men,

 and his virgins were not praised.

 

 64 His priests fell by the sword

 and his widows could not weep.

 

 
65 
Then the Lord awoke as if from sleep,

 like a mighty man overcome by wine.

 

 66 He struck his foes on the rear.

 He gave to them a perpetual reproach.

 

 67 He even rejected the tent of Joseph,

 and did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,

 

 68 But chose the tribe of Judah,

 Mount Zion that he loved.

 

 69 He built his sanctuary like the heights of heaven,

 like the earth that he has established to last forever.

 

 70 He also chose David his servant,

 and took him from the sheepfolds;

 

 71 He brought him from tending ewes

 to shepherd Jacob, his people,

 and Israel, his inheritance.

 

 72 So he shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart,

 and guided them by the discernment of his hands.

 

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