“you lay me in the dust of death.” The verb “lay” is in the imperfect in the Hebrew text, indicating that the action was then occurring. The Psalmist was not yet dead, which we can tell because he is still speaking. We know that Christ did die, and the Psalm could be taken to imply that the psalmist died, but that is not explicitly stated (cp. NET text note; Allen Ross, A commentary on the Psalms). Thus, the Jews never got from Psalm 22 that the Messiah would die.