PDF  MSWord
A lazy person does not plow in the proper season,
so he begs at the harvest and has nothing. Bible

“in the proper season.” The Hebrew is more literally, “in winter” (HALOT, and Holladay, Hebrew-English lexicons), although some lexicons say, “harvest time” (Brown, Driver, Briggs), both those meanings would give the wrong impression if translated into English. To us, no one would plow in “winter,” and the grain harvest ended in June but in the biblical culture plowing did not start until the former rains in October. The coming of the rains signaled the start of late fall or early winter, but the ground was so hard from being baked in the sun from April to October that people had to wait for the rain before they could plow, and then they plowed in the rainy season. It would be acceptable, and clarify the meaning for modern readers, to add some italics to the verse and say: “in the proper season, when it rains.” If a man was so lazy he would not plow in the rainy season, he would have no food at harvest. See commentary on Prov. 6:6, “lazy one.”


Commentary for: Proverbs 20:4